Cooper Standard
Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc. (Form: DEF 14A, Received: 04/06/2017 16:35:16)
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549  
 
SCHEDULE 14A
Proxy Statement Pursuant to Section 14(a) of the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
 
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Definitive Proxy Statement
  
Definitive Additional Materials
  
Soliciting Material Pursuant to §240.14a-12
Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc.
(Name of Registrant as Specified In Its Charter)

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April 6, 2017
Dear Cooper Standard Stockholder:
On behalf of the Board of Directors of Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc., (the "Board") you are cordially invited to electronically attend the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Stockholders (the “Annual Meeting”) to be held on May 18, 2017, beginning at 9:00 a.m. Eastern Time. We are pleased that this year’s Annual Meeting will be a completely virtual meeting of stockholders, meaning that you may participate solely by means of remote communication. You will be able to attend the Annual Meeting online, vote your shares electronically, and submit your questions during the meeting via live webcast by visiting www.virtualshareholdermeeting.com/CPS2017. We are embracing the latest technology to provide expanded access, improved communication, and cost savings for our stockholders and the Company. Hosting a virtual meeting enables increased stockholder attendance and participation from locations around the world.
We are taking advantage of the Securities and Exchange Commission's "notice and access" rules that allow us to furnish proxy materials to you primarily over the Internet. Unless you have already requested to receive a printed set of proxy materials, you will receive a Notice Regarding the Availability of Proxy Material (the “Notice”). The Notice contains instructions on how to access proxy materials and vote your shares via the Internet or, if you prefer, to request a printed set of proxy materials at no additional cost to you. We believe that this approach provides a convenient way for you to access your proxy materials and vote your shares, while keeping with our corporate responsibility commitment by lowering our printing and delivery costs and reducing the environmental impact associated with our Annual Meeting.
Details of the business to be conducted at the Annual Meeting are given in the Notice of 2017 Annual Meeting of the Stockholders and the proxy statement.
Your vote is important. Regardless of whether you plan to electronically attend the Annual Meeting, we encourage you to vote promptly. You may vote your shares via a toll-free telephone number, over the Internet, or, if you received paper copies of the proxy materials by mail, you may also vote by mail by following the instructions on the proxy card or voting instruction card.
Thank you in advance for your cooperation and continued support.
 
Sincerely,
 
JSESIGNATURE.JPG
 
Jeffrey S. Edwards
 
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer





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2017 ANNUAL MEETING OF THE STOCKHOLDERS
Meeting Notice
WHERE
Online via live webcast at www.virtualshareholdermeeting.com/CPS2017 . You may vote your shares electronically and submit questions during the Annual Meeting by visiting  www.virtualshareholdermeeting.com/CPS2017 . To participate in the Annual Meeting you will need the 16-digit control number included on your Notice Regarding the Availability of Proxy Material, on your proxy card, or on the instructions that accompanied your proxy materials.
WHEN
Thursday, May 18, 2017
9:00 a.m. Eastern Time
Online check-in will begin at 8:30 a.m. Eastern Time, and you should allow ample time for the online check-in procedures.
ITEMS OF BUSINESS
To elect the director nominees described in the proxy statement for a one-year term;
To ratify the appointment of independent registered public accounting firm for the 2017 fiscal year;
To hold an advisory vote on executive compensation;
To hold an advisory vote on the frequency with which future advisory votes on executive compensation should be held;
To approve the Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc. 2017 Omnibus Incentive Plan; and
To conduct any other business if properly brought before the Annual Meeting.
 You will find more information about the matters to be voted on at the Annual Meeting in the proxy statement.
RECORD DATE
The close of business on March 24, 2017.
PRE-MEETING QUESTIONS TO MANAGEMENT
The online format used by the Company for the Annual Meeting also allows us to communicate more effectively with you. Stockholders can submit questions in advance of the Annual Meeting by visiting www.proxyvote.com . Stockholders will need their 16-digit control number to enter the website.
Your vote is important! We strongly encourage you to exercise your right to vote as a stockholder. You may revoke your proxy at any time before it is exercised. You will find instructions on how to vote on page one of the proxy statement.
By Order of the Board of Directors
AMSIGNATURE.JPG
Aleksandra A. Miziolek
Senior Vice President, General Counsel & Secretary
April 6, 2017
Important Notice Regarding the Availability of Proxy Materials for the
Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be Held on May 18, 2017

The Notice of Annual Meeting, the 2017 Proxy Statement, and the Company's 2017 Annual Report to Stockholders for the year ended December 31, 2016, are available free of charge at:  https://proxyvote.com .




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2017 ANNUAL MEETING OF STOCKHOLDERS
Proxy Statement
April 6, 2017
Table of Contents  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



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Important Information about Voting and the Annual Meeting
Voting Instructions
You are entitled to one vote on each proposal for each share of the Company’s common stock that you own as of the record date, March 24, 2017. As of the record date, there were 17,827,042 shares of common stock outstanding. Each outstanding share is entitled to one vote on each proposal. Below are instructions on how to vote as well as information on your rights as a stockholder as they relate to voting. Some of the instructions vary depending on how your stock is held. It is important to follow the instructions that apply to your situation.
If your shares are registered directly in your name with our transfer agent , you are considered the "stockholder of record" with respect to those shares, and you may vote your shares electronically during the Annual Meeting. You may vote your shares without participating in the Annual Meeting by using the proxy card, by calling the toll-free number listed on your proxy card, or by logging on to the website listed on your proxy card and following the simple instructions provided. The telephone and Internet voting procedures are designed to allow you to vote your shares and to confirm that your instructions have been properly recorded consistent with applicable law. Please see your proxy card for specific instructions. Voting by telephone and the Internet will be closed at 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on May 17, 2017.
If your shares are held in a brokerage account, by a trustee or by another nominee (that is, in “street name”) , you are considered to be the beneficial owner of those shares, and you have the right to give instructions to your broker, trustee or nominee on how to vote your shares, or to vote your shares electronically during the Annual Meeting. If you do not provide voting instructions to your broker, your broker has the discretion to vote those shares only on matters that are routine. A broker cannot vote shares on non-routine matters without your instructions. This is referred to as a “broker non-vote.”
If your shares are registered in your name, you may revoke your proxy at any time prior to the vote during the Annual Meeting , by:
 
Written notice of revocation to the secretary of the Company;
Timely delivery of a valid, later-dated proxy or later-dated vote by telephone or Internet; or
Participating in the Annual Meeting and voting your shares electronically during the Annual Meeting.
If your shares are held in street name, you must contact your broker to revoke your proxy.
In tallying the results of the voting, the Company will count all properly executed and unrevoked proxies that have been received in time for the Annual Meeting. To hold a meeting of the stockholders, a quorum (which is a majority of the shares outstanding and entitled to vote) is required to be represented either in person or by proxy at the meeting. Abstentions and broker non-votes are counted in determining whether a quorum is present for the meeting.


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Voting Rules
When voting to elect directors, you have three options:
 
Vote FOR a nominee;
Vote AGAINST a nominee; or
ABSTAIN from voting

When voting to ratify the appointment of Ernst & Young LLP as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm for 2017 , you have three options:
 
Vote FOR the proposal;
Vote AGAINST the proposal; or
ABSTAIN from voting on the proposal.

When voting, on an advisory basis, to approve executive compensation , you have three options:

Vote FOR the proposal;
Vote AGAINST the proposal; or
ABSTAIN from voting on the proposal.

When voting, on an advisory basis, to recommend the frequency of future advisory votes on executive compensation , you have four options:

ONE YEAR;
TWO YEARS;
THREE YEARS; or
ABSTAIN from voting on the proposal.

When voting to approve the Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc. 2017 Omnibus Incentive Plan , you have three options:

Vote FOR the proposal;
Vote AGAINST the proposal; or
ABSTAIN from voting on the proposal.
If you return your proxy card with no votes marked, your shares will be voted as follows:
 
FOR the election of all nominees for director;
FOR the ratification of the appointment of Ernst & Young LLP as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm for 2017;
FOR the approval of executive compensation;
FOR the frequency of the future advisory votes on executive compensation to be ONE YEAR; and
FOR the approval of the Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc. 2017 Omnibus Incentive Plan.
Broker non-votes occur when a broker lacks the discretionary authority to vote on a proposal, and the beneficial owner has not provided an indication as to how to vote . We will treat broker non-votes as present to determine whether or not there is a quorum at the Annual Meeting, but they will not be treated as votes with respect to the proposals, if any, for which the broker indicates it does not have discretionary authority. This means that broker non-votes will not have any effect on whether any such proposal passes. Without instructions from you, brokers will be permitted to exercise voting discretion with respect to non-routine matters, such as the proposal to ratify the appointment of our independent auditors, but will not be permitted to exercise voting discretion with respect to non-routine matters, such as the election of directors.
We do not currently plan to hire a proxy solicitor to help us solicit proxies from brokers, bank nominees, or other institutions or stockholders although we reserve the right to do so. In addition, our officers, directors, and employees may solicit proxies in person or by telephone, facsimile, or other means of communication, but they will not receive any additional compensation in connection with such solicitation.

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Proposals
Proposal 1: Election of Directors
Upon the recommendation of the governance committee of the Board of Directors (the "Governance Committee"), the Company's Board has nominated the nine individuals listed below to stand for election to the Board for a one-year term ending at the annual meeting of the stockholders in 2018 or until their successors, if any, are re-elected or appointed, or until their earlier resignation, removal, or death. All of these nominees have consented to being named in this proxy statement and to serve, if elected. If any of them is unable or declines to serve as a director, proxies voting for that nominee may be voted for a substitute nominee selected by the Board. The Board may also choose to reduce the number of directors to be elected at the meeting.
Effective January 19, 2017, the Board amended and restated the Company's By-Laws (the "By-Laws") to change the voting standard for the election of directors from a plurality to a majority voting standard in uncontested elections. Under the new majority voting standard, a nominee for director shall be elected to the Board only upon the affirmative vote of a majority of the total votes cast, which means that the number of votes cast "for" a nominee exceeds 50% of the votes cast with respect to the election of that nominee; abstentions and broker non-votes, if applicable, are not counted as a vote cast "for" or "against" that director’s election. Directors will continue to be elected by a plurality vote at any meeting of the stockholders for which, as of the 14 th day before the date the Company begins mailing its notice of the meeting, the number of nominees exceeds the number of directors to be elected (a "Contested Election"), whether or not such election becomes an uncontested election after such date.
The By-Laws also provide that, in order for any incumbent director to be nominated by the Board for further service, such person must submit or have submitted an irrevocable resignation that will become effective if (i) that person does not receive a majority of the votes cast in an election that is not a Contested Election, and (ii) the Board accepts that resignation. Within 90 days of receiving the certified vote pertaining to any election of directors by the stockholders by majority voting in which an incumbent director failed to receive a majority of the votes cast, (i) the Governance Committee shall make a recommendation to the Board as to whether to accept or reject the resignation of such incumbent director or whether other action should be taken, and (ii) the Board shall consider the recommendation of the Governance Committee and shall act on the resignation of the unsuccessful incumbent. The Governance Committee, in making its recommendation, and the Board, in making its determination, may consider any factors they determine appropriate. Unless the Board makes a determination to reject the resignation of the incumbent director, the Board shall not elect or appoint any unsuccessful incumbent to the Board for at least one year after such annual meeting. If the Board accepts the resignation, or if a nominee for director is not elected and the nominee is not an incumbent director, then the Board may fill the resulting vacancy.
The names of the nominees, along with their present positions, their principal occupations, directorships held with other public corporations currently and during the past five years, their ages, and the year first elected as a director are set forth below. Certain individual qualifications, experiences, and skills of our nominees that contribute to the Board’s effectiveness as a whole are also described below.
 
Jeffrey S. Edwards

 
Mr. Edwards has been a director of the Company since October 2012 and chairman of the board since May 2013. Mr. Edwards has served as our chief executive officer since October 2012 and served as our president from October 2012 to May 2013. Previously, Mr. Edwards served in positions of increasing responsibility at Johnson Controls, Inc., a global diversified technology and industrial company. He led the Automotive Experience Asia Group of Johnson Controls, serving as corporate vice president, group vice president and general manager from 2004 to 2012. Mr. Edwards served as Johnson Controls’ group vice president and general manager for Automotive Experience North America from 2002 to 2004. He completed an executive training program at INSEAD and earned a Bachelor of Science from Clarion University.
 
Qualifications:  Mr. Edwards has substantial leadership and operational experience in the automotive industry.
 
Other Current Public Directorships:  Standex International Corp.
 
Former Public Directorships (past 5 years):  None
 
Age:  54

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Sean O. Mahoney

 
Mr. Mahoney has been a director of the Company since May 2015 and currently serves as a member of the audit committee of the Board of Directors (the "Audit Committee"). Mr. Mahoney is a private investor with over two decades of experience in investment banking and finance. In addition, Mr. Mahoney has served as a consultant to Silver Point Capital since August 2013. Mr. Mahoney spent 17 years in investment banking at Goldman, Sachs & Co., where he was a partner and the head of the Financial Sponsors Group, followed by four years at Deutsche Bank Securities where he served as vice chairman, global banking. During his banking career, Mr. Mahoney acted as an advisor to companies across a broad range of industries and product areas. In addition to his public company board memberships, Mr. Mahoney has served on the post-bankruptcy board of Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. since 2012 and on the board of Formula One Holdings since 2014. He earned his graduate degree from Oxford University, where he was a Rhodes Scholar, and his undergraduate degree from the University of Chicago.
 
Qualifications:  Mr. Mahoney has a depth of expertise in capital markets and business strategy across a wide variety of companies and sectors, including industrial and automotive. He also has extensive experience in structuring and executing financing transactions, and mergers and acquisitions.
 
Other Current Public Directorships:  Delphi Automotive PLC and Arconic Inc.
 
Former Public Directorships (past 5 years):  Alcoa Inc.
 
Age:  54
 
 
David J. Mastrocola

 
Mr. Mastrocola has been a director of the Company since May 2010 and lead director since January 2011. Mr. Mastrocola is a private investor. Mr. Mastrocola is a former partner and managing director of Goldman, Sachs & Co., where he worked for over 20 years. During that period, Mr. Mastrocola held a number of senior management positions in the Investment Banking Division, including heading or co-heading the corporate finance, mergers/strategic advisory and industrials/natural resources departments. Mr. Mastrocola also served as a member of Goldman, Sachs & Co.’s firm-wide capital and commitments committees. Mr. Mastrocola serves as a trustee for Save the Children Federation, Inc. He has a Bachelor of Science in Accounting from Boston College and a Master of Business Administration from Harvard University.
 
Qualifications:  Mr. Mastrocola has extensive and varied expertise in corporate finance and mergers and acquisitions, having served in a number of senior management positions in the Investment Banking Division of Goldman, Sachs & Co.
 
Other Current Public Directorships:  None
 
Former Public Directorships (past 5 years):  Famous Dave’s of America, Inc.
 
Age:  55
 
 
 

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Justin E. Mirro

 
Mr. Mirro has been a director of the Company since May 2015 and currently serves as a member of the Governance Committee. Mr. Mirro is the president of Kensington Capital Partners LLC and currently serves as the non-executive chairman of Pure Power Technologies, Inc. Since January 2017 he has been a special advisor to Pi Capital International LLC. Mr. Mirro has over 19 years of automotive investment banking experience, most recently as a managing director and head of automotive investment banking at RBC Capital Markets from June 2011 to December 2014. Prior to that, Mr. Mirro was head of automotive investment banking at Moelis & Company from August 2008 to May 2011, and he was also head of North American Automotive Investment Banking at Jefferies & Company from March 2005 to July 2008. Prior to his investment banking career, Mr. Mirro worked as an engineer for General Motors and Toyota. Mr. Mirro earned a Master of Business Administration from New York University Leonard N. Stern School of Business and his undergraduate degree from the University of Michigan College of Engineering.
 
Qualifications:  Mr. Mirro has extensive experience in investment banking and mergers and acquisitions, particularly in the automotive industry.
 
Other Current Public Directorships:  None
 
Former Public Directorships (past 5 years):  None
 
Age:  48
 
 
Robert J. Remenar

 
Mr. Remenar has been a director of the Company since May 2015 and currently serves as a member of the compensation committee of the Board of Directors (the "Compensation Committee"). Mr. Remenar served as the president and chief executive officer of Chassix Inc. from July 2012 to June 2014, and from December 2010 to June 2012 he served as the president and chief executive officer of Nexteer Automotive. From April 2002 to November 2012, Mr. Remenar served as the president of Delphi Steering/Nexteer Automotive. Mr. Remenar held diverse executive positions within Delphi Corporation from 1998 to 2002 and several executive and managerial positions within General Motors from 1985 to 1998. Mr. Remenar earned his Master of Business and Professional Accountancy from Walsh College and his undergraduate degree from Central Michigan University.
 
Qualifications:  Mr. Remenar has extensive operational, management, and leadership experience, specifically in the automotive industry. Mr. Remenar has long-standing relationships with automotive customers and suppliers and has extensive capital markets experience.
 
Other Current Public Directorships:  PKC Group Plc
 
Former Public Directorships (past 5 years) : None
 
Age:  61
 
 
 

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Sonya F. Sepahban

 
Ms. Sepahban has been a director of the Company since May 2016 and currently serves as a member of the compensation committee of the Board of Directors (the "Compensation Committee"). Ms. Sepahban is currently a member of the board of directors at Genomenon, Inc., and Lincoln Federation. From 2009 to 2015, Ms. Sepahban served as the senior vice president of engineering, development and technology at General Dynamics Land Systems (“GDLS”), a business unit of General Dynamics Combat Systems Group—a global leader in the design, development, production, support, and enhancement of tracked and wheeled military vehicles—where she had responsibility for all GDLS products developed for governmental and commercial customers worldwide. Prior to her employment at GDLS, Ms. Sepahban held a number of leadership positions with Northrop Grumman Space Technology ("Northrop"), including as the senior vice president and chief engineer from 2007 to 2009 where she was responsible for program execution, product development, and continuous improvement; vice president of systems engineering from 2006 to 2007; vice president and chief technology officer from 2004 to 2006; and vice president and deputy general manager of engineering from 1997 to 2004. Prior to her employment at Northrop, Ms. Sepahban held a number of technical and management positions at the NASA Johnson Space Center on the Space Shuttle and International Space Station programs from 1989 to 1997. Ms. Sepahban also has an extensive background working and living in Europe and with international customers. Ms. Sepahban has a bachelor’s degree in chemical engineering from Cornell University and a political science degree from the Institute of Political Sciences in Paris, France. She also has a master’s degree in chemical engineering from Rice University and a Master of Business Administration from the University of Houston.

Qualifications:  Ms. Sepahban has extensive experience in engineering, production, technology, P&L management, and global operations within the aerospace and defense, manufacturing, and engineering services sectors. Her skills and background provide the Board with expertise in overseeing the engineering, development, and production operations of large global organizations.
 
Other Current Public Directorships:  None
 
Former Public Directorships (past 5 years):  None
 
Age:  56

 
 
Thomas W. Sidlik

 
Mr. Sidlik has been a director of the Company since January 2014 and currently serves as chairman of the Governance Committee and as a member of the Audit Committee. In 2007, Mr. Sidlik retired from the DaimlerChrysler AG Board of Management in Germany after a 34-year career in the automotive industry. He previously served as chairman and chief executive officer of Chrysler Financial Corporation, chairman of the Michigan Minority Business Development Council, and vice chairman of the National Minority Supplier Development Council. Mr. Sidlik has been on the board of directors of Delphi Automotive PLC and Delphi Automotive LLP since 2009. Previously he served on the Board of Regents of Eastern Michigan University, where he served as vice chairman and chairman of the board. He received Bachelor of Science from New York University and a Master of Business Administration from University of Chicago.
 
Qualifications:  Mr. Sidlik has extensive experience in the automotive industry and provides the Board with strategic, management, and industry expertise.
 
Other Current Public Directorships:  Delphi Automotive PLC
 
Former Public Directorships (past 5 years):  None
 
Age:  67
 
 
 

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Stephen A. Van Oss
 
Mr. Van Oss has been a director of the Company since August 2008 and currently serves as chairman of the Audit Committee and as a member of the Compensation Committee. Mr. Van Oss is an operating partner with Gamut Capital Management, overseeing its distribution portfolio. Mr. Van Oss was the senior vice president and chief operating officer of WESCO International, Inc., ("WESCO") a leading distributor of electrical construction and industrial maintenance products, a position he held from September 2009 until his retirement in December 2015. He served as a director of WESCO from 2008 to 2015. From 2004 to 2009, Mr. Van Oss served as senior vice president and chief financial and administrative officer of WESCO. From 2000 to 2004, he served as vice president and chief financial officer of WESCO. He served as WESCO’s director, information technology, from 1997 to 2000. He serves as a trustee of Robert Morris University, chairs its finance committee, and is a member of its audit committee. Mr. Van Oss received a Bachelor of Science in Accounting from Wright State University and a Master of Business Administration from Cleveland State University.
 
Qualifications:  Mr. Van Oss has substantial leadership experience in business operations and finance as well as in distribution and information technology.
 
Other Current Public Directorships:  None
 
Former Public Directorships (past 5 years):  WESCO International, Inc.
 
Age:  62
 
 
 
Molly P. Zhang
 
Dr. Molly P. Zhang (a/k/a Peifang Zhang) was nominated to the Board in March 2017. Dr. Zhang, Ph.D., served as vice president, asset management for Orica Limited ("Orica"), a global leader in mining and civil services, until her retirement in October 2016. From 2012 to 2015, Dr. Zhang served as Orica’s vice president, initiation systems and packaged emulsion manufacturing, as well as manufacturing executive, mining systems, and from 2011 to 2012 as general manager of manufacturing and supply chain for the mining services business. Before joining Orica, Dr. Zhang held diverse executive positions at The Dow Chemical Company. From 2009 to 2011, Dr. Zhang served as the managing director, SCG-Dow Group, and country general manager, Dow Thailand; from 2006 to 2009 she served as global business vice president, Dow Technology Licensing & Catalyst, and head of manufacturing, Dow Asia Pacific, based in Shanghai, China; from 2002 to 2006 she served as manufacturing director and board member at SCG-Dow Group; and from 2000 to 2002 she served as global technology director, based in Freeport, Texas. Dr. Zhang has been a member of the supervisory board at GEA Group Aktiengesellschaft since April 20, 2016, and served on the board of Inenco Group from July 2014 to December 2015. Born and raised in Shanghai, Dr. Zhang received a master’s degree in chemistry in 1986 and a Ph.D. in chemical engineering in 1988 from The Technical University of Clausthal, Germany.
Qualifications : Dr. Zhang’s more than 25 years of international business experience, particularly in China and the Asia Pacific region, will strengthen the Board’s global perspective. Her experience in manufacturing efficiency, new product strategy and management of technology valuation will provide the Board with valuable insight regarding technology and innovation strategies. In addition, Dr. Zhang will contribute extensive engineering and material science expertise to the Board.
Other Current Public Directorships : GEA Group
Former Public Directorships (past 5 years) : None
Age : 55



The Board of Directors unanimously recommends that the stockholders vote FOR each of our nominees.


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Proposal 2: Ratification of Appointment of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
Proposal 2 is the ratification of the Audit Committee’s appointment of Ernst & Young LLP as the independent registered public accounting firm to audit the financial statements of the Company for the 2017 fiscal year. In the event that the stockholders fail to ratify the appointment, the Audit Committee will reconsider this appointment. The Audit Committee, in its discretion, may direct the appointment of a different independent registered public accounting firm at any time during the year if the Audit Committee determines that such a change would be in the Company’s and its stockholders’ best interests. Representatives of Ernst & Young LLP are expected to be present at the Annual Meeting. They are expected to be available to respond to your questions and may make a statement if they desire.
Ratification of the Audit Committee’s appointment of Ernst & Young LLP as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm for 2017 requires the affirmative vote of a majority of the votes cast by the stockholders present in person or represented by proxy at the Annual Meeting and entitled to vote. Abstentions are not counted as votes FOR or AGAINST ratification and will therefore have no effect on such vote.
The Board of Directors and the Audit Committee recommend that the stockholders vote FOR the ratification of the appointment of Ernst & Young LLP as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm for 2017.
P roposal 3: Advisory Vote on Executive Compensation
Pursuant to Section 14A of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), we are asking the stockholders to vote, on an advisory or non-binding basis, to approve the compensation of our named executive officers ("NEOs") as disclosed in this proxy statement. A detailed description of our compensation program is available in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis section.
The advisory vote, commonly known as a say-on-pay vote, gives stockholders the opportunity to express their views on the overall compensation of our NEOs and the philosophy, policies and practices described in this proxy statement. Approval of this advisory proposal requires the affirmative vote of a majority of the votes cast by the stockholders present in person or represented by proxy at the Annual Meeting and entitled to vote. Abstentions and broker non-votes are not counted as votes FOR or AGAINST the proposal, and will therefore have no effect on such vote. The say-on-pay vote is an advisory vote only, and therefore it will not bind the Company or the Board. However, the Board and the Compensation Committee will consider the voting results as appropriate when making future decisions regarding executive compensation. We intend to hold the next advisory vote on the compensation of our named executive officers at the 2018 annual meeting of the stockholders.
The Board and the Compensation Committee believe that we have created an executive compensation program that is tied to performance, aligns with stockholder interests and merits stockholder support. Accordingly, we are asking the stockholders to indicate their support for our NEOs' compensation by voting FOR the following resolution at the Annual Meeting:
RESOLVED, that the Company’s stockholders approve, on an advisory basis, the compensation of the named executive officers, as disclosed in the proxy statement pursuant to the compensation disclosure rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the Compensation Discussion and Analysis, the compensation tables, and the narrative discussion contained in this proxy statement.
The Board of Directors recommends that the stockholders vote FOR the approval of the advisory resolution relating to the compensation of our NEOs as disclosed in this proxy statement.
Proposal 4: Advisory Vote on the Frequency of Future Advisory Votes on Executive Compensation
In accordance with Section 14A of the Exchange Act, the Company's stockholders are being asked to vote, on an advisory or non-binding basis, on whether the Company should hold future advisory votes on the compensation of the Company's NEOs every one, two, or three years.
Our prior say-on-frequency vote occurred in 2011. At that year's meeting, the stockholders agreed with the Board's recommendation that advisory votes on executive compensation should occur every three years. After careful consideration of the frequency alternatives, the Board has determined that conducting an advisory, non-binding vote on executive compensation on an annual basis is the most appropriate alternative for the Company and its stockholders at this time.
The Board of Directors recommends that the stockholders vote FOR holding an advisory, non-binding vote on executive compensation EVERY YEAR.


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Proposal 5: Approval of the Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc. 2017 Omnibus Incentive Plan
Executive Summary of Proposal and Selected Plan Information

Introduction:

On March 23, 2017, upon recommendation of the Compensation Committee, the Board approved the Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc. 2017 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the “Plan”), subject to stockholder approval at the 2017 Annual Meeting. The Plan will supersede the Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc. 2011 Omnibus incentive Plan (the “2011 Plan”), which is the only plan under which equity-based compensation may currently be awarded to our executives, non-employee directors, and other employees. Equity awards are also currently outstanding under the 2011 Plan and the Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc. 2010 Management Incentive Plan (together with the 2011 Plan, the “Prior Plans”). Awards currently outstanding under the Prior Plans will remain outstanding under the applicable Prior Plan in accordance with their terms.
We believe that the adoption of the Plan is necessary in order to allow us to continue to use equity awards, including performance awards. We believe that granting equity-based compensation to officers, other key employees and non-employee directors is an effective means to promote the future growth and development of the Company. Equity awards, among other things, further align the interests of award recipients with Company stockholders and enable the Company to attract and retain qualified personnel.
We also are requesting stockholder approval of the material terms of the Plan, including performance measures and individual award limits, to allow awards granted under the Plan that are intended to be “performance-based compensation” under Section 162(m) ("Section 162(m)") of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code"), to be exempt from the tax deduction limits of Section 162(m) if they meet the other requirements of Section 162(m).
If the Plan is approved by our stockholders, the Plan will become effective on May 18, 2017 (the “Effective Date”), and no further awards will be made under the 2011 Plan. If our stockholders do not approve the Plan, the 2011 Plan will remain in effect in its current form, subject to its expiration date. However, there will be insufficient shares available under the 2011 Plan to make annual awards and to provide grants to new hires in the coming years. In this event, the Compensation Committee would be required to revise its compensation philosophy and devise other programs to attract, retain, and compensate its officers, non-employee directors, and key employees.

Proposed Share Reserve:

A total of 2,300,000 shares of common stock are reserved for awards granted under the Plan. The Plan’s reserve will be reduced by one (1) share for every one (1) share that is subject to an option or stock appreciation right granted under the 2011 Plan after March 31, 2017, and 2.50 shares for every one (1) share that is subject to an award other than an option or stock appreciation right (such award, a “full-value award”) granted under the 2011 Plan after March 31, 2017. In addition, to the extent that after March 31, 2017, outstanding awards under the Prior Plans expire or are terminated without the issuance of shares, or if such awards are settled in cash, or if shares are tendered or withheld for payment of taxes on full-value awards, then the shares subject to such awards will be added to the Plan’s reserve.

The Plan’s reserve will be reduced by one (1) share for every one (1) share that is subject to an option or stock appreciation right and 2.50 shares for every one (1) share that is subject to a full-value award.
Impact on Dilution and Fully-Diluted Overhang:

Our Board recognizes the impact of dilution on our stockholders and has evaluated this share request carefully in the context of the need to motivate, retain and ensure that our leadership team is focused on our strategic and long-term growth priorities.
The total fully-diluted overhang as of March 31, 2017, assuming that the entire share reserve is granted in stock options, would be 16.3% and the total fully-diluted overhang, assuming the share reserve is granted in full-value awards only, would be 10.5%. The Company’s historical practice, which is not currently expected to change, has been to grant a combination of stock options and full-value awards, resulting in overhang between these two levels. In this context, fully-diluted overhang is calculated as the sum of grants outstanding and shares available for future awards (numerator) divided by the sum of the numerator and basic common shares outstanding, with all data effective as of March 31, 2017.
Our Board believes that the increase in shares of common stock available for issuance represents a reasonable amount of potential equity dilution given our strategic and long-term growth priorities.

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Expected Duration of the Share Reserve:
We expect that the share reserve under the Plan, if this proposal is approved by our shareholders, will be sufficient for awards for approximately three years. Expectations regarding future share usage could be impacted by a number of factors such as award type mix; hiring and promotion activity at the executive level; the rate at which shares are returned to the Plan's reserve upon the awards' expiration, forfeiture or cash settlement; the future performance of our stock price; the consequences of acquiring other companies; and other factors. While we believe that the assumptions we used are reasonable, future share usage may differ from current expectations.

Governance Highlights of Plan:

Our Plan incorporates certain governance best practices, including:

þ  Minimum vesting period of one year from the date of grant for all equity-based awards granted under the Plan, with permitted exceptions up to 5% of the share reserve.
þ  No “liberal share recycling” of options or stock appreciation rights (“SARs”).
þ  No dividends or dividend equivalents on options or SARs.
þ  Dividends and dividend equivalent rights on all other awards are deferred until the restrictions imposed on such awards lapse.
þ  Minimum 100% fair market value exercise price for options and SARs.
þ  No “liberal” change of control definition and no automatic single-trigger acceleration on a change of control transaction.
þ  No repricing of options or SARs and no cash buyout of underwater options and SARs without stockholder approval, except for adjustments with respect to a change of control or an equitable adjustment in connection with certain corporate transactions.
Date of Plan Expiration:

The Plan will terminate on May 18, 2027, unless terminated earlier by the Board, but awards granted prior to such date may be extended beyond that date.

Burn Rate
The following table sets forth information regarding stock-settled, time-vested equity awards granted and performance-based, stock-settled equity awards earned over each of the last three fiscal years:
 
2016
2015
2014
Stock Options/SARs Granted
155,100
202,100
167,200
Stock-Settled Time-Vested Restricted Shares/Units Granted*
148,418
174,389
130,956
Stock-Settled Performance-Based Stock Units Earned*
20,339
0
0
Weighted-Average Basic Common Shares Outstanding
17,459,710
17,212,607
16,695,356
 
* The burn rate figures in the table above are different from disclosure in the Company’s Annual Reports on Form 10-K for the fiscal years ending December 31, 2014, 2015, and 2016 because this table excludes all cash-settled awards and includes performance-based equity awards in the year in which they are earned rather than the year in which they are granted. Per 10-K filings, the cash-settled time-vested restricted stock units granted in 2016, 2015, and 2014 were 5,400, 4,200, and 1,600, respectively, and performance stock units granted at target in 2014, 2015, and 2016 were 93,000, 111,200, and 86,150, respectively.
Overhang as of March 31, 2017
The following table sets forth certain information as of March 31, 2017, unless otherwise noted, with respect to the Company’s existing equity compensation plans:
Stock Options Outstanding
639,625
Weighted-Average Exercise Price of Outstanding Stock Options
$66.64
Weighted-Average Remaining Term of Outstanding Stock Options
8.4 Years
Total Stock-Settled Full-Value Awards Outstanding*
533,536
Basic common shares outstanding as of the record date (3/24/2017)
17,827,042
 
* Includes time-vested restricted stock units (367,818), stock-settled performance share units outstanding at target (120,214), vested and unvested deferred stock units (16,233) and unvested cash-denominated and stock-settled performance awards (29,271).

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Summary of the Plan
The following is a summary of certain material features of the Plan, which is qualified in its entirety by reference to the complete terms of the Plan attached to this proxy statement as Appendix A. The closing price of a share of our common stock on the New York Stock Exchange on March 24, 2017, was $109.43.
Purpose
The purpose of the Plan is to aid the Company and its affiliates in recruiting and retaining key employees and non-employee directors of outstanding ability and to motivate such individuals to exert their best efforts on behalf of the Company and its affiliates by providing incentives through the granting of awards. The Company expects that it will benefit from the added interest which such key employees and non-employee directors will have in the welfare of the Company as a result of their proprietary interest in the Company’s success.
Eligible Participants
The Compensation Committee, including its delegates, may grant awards to key employees of the Company or its affiliates and non-employee directors of the Company’s Board. Currently, approximately 275 employees and 8 non-employee directors would be eligible to participate in the Plan, although the number of individuals who are selected to participate in the Plan may vary from year to year.
Available Shares
Subject to the adjustment provisions included in the Plan, a total of 2,300,000 shares (plus the shares described in the paragraph below) will be authorized for awards granted under the Plan as of the date of stockholder approval. This reserve will be reduced by a “fungible ratio” of one (1) share for every one (1) share that is subject to an option or stock appreciation right granted under the Plan, and two and a half (2.50) shares for every one (1) share that is subject to an award other than an option or stock appreciation right (such award, a “full-value award”) granted under the Plan. In addition, the share reserve will be reduced on the same fungible ratio basis for awards granted after March 31, 2017, under the 2011 Plan.
To the extent that, after March 31, 2017, (a) shares of common stock subject to an outstanding award under a Prior Plan are not issued or delivered by reason of forfeiture, expiration or settlement of such award in cash, or (b) shares are delivered to or withheld by the Company to pay the withholding taxes relating to a full-value award under the Prior Plan, then such shares of common stock will be added to the Plan’s reserve and available for new awards granted under the Plan.
Shares of common stock subject to an award granted under the Plan will be added back to the Plan’s reserve and be available for new awards if (a) such shares are not issued or delivered by reason of forfeiture, expiration or settlement of such award in cash, or (b) shares are delivered to or withheld by the Company to pay the withholding taxes relating to a full-value award.
Notwithstanding anything to the contrary, the following shares will not again be available for awards under the Plan: (a) shares tendered by the participant or withheld by the Company in payment of the purchase price of an option under the Plan or a Prior Plan, (b) shares delivered to or withheld by the Company to pay the withholding taxes relating to an outstanding option or stock appreciation right under the Plan or a Prior Plan, (c) shares subject to a stock appreciation right under the Plan or a Prior Plan that are not issued in connection with its stock settlement or exercise, or (d) shares repurchased by the Company on the open market with the proceeds of the exercise of an option under the Plan or a Prior Plan.
Award Limits
Subject to adjustment in accordance with the adjustment provisions of the Plan, with respect to awards intended to be “qualified performance-based compensation” under Code Section 162(m), no participant may be granted during any fiscal year of the Company:
Options for, and/or SARs with respect to, more than 400,000 shares of common stock;
Awards of restricted stock and/or restricted stock units relating to more than 200,000 shares of common stock;
Annual incentive award(s) having a cash payment value of more than $10,000,000 (which limit shall be proportionally reduced with respect to any performance period that is less than a whole year); and
Long-term incentive award(s) granted in respect of any period greater than one year, having a cash payment value of more than $10,000,000.
Notwithstanding anything to the contrary, the aggregate grant date fair value of equity awards that may be granted during any fiscal year to a non-employee director, taken together with any cash fees paid during the fiscal year to the director in respect of the director’s service as a member of the Board during such year (including service as a member or chair of any regular committees of the Board), shall not exceed $500,000. The Board may make exceptions to this limit for a non-executive chair of the Board or, in extraordinary circumstances, for other individual directors, as the Board may determine in its discretion,

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provided that the non-employee director receiving such additional compensation may not participate in the decision to award such compensation.
Plan Administration
The Compensation Committee is the administrator of the Plan. The Compensation Committee can delegate its duties and powers to any subcommittee thereof, provided that no such delegation is permitted with respect to awards made to Section 16 participants at the time any such delegated authority or responsibility is exercised unless the delegation is to another committee of the Board consisting entirely of two or more “non-employee directors” within the meaning of Rule 16b-3 promulgated under the Exchange Act or does not relate to awards intended to qualify as performance-based compensation under Code Section 162(m).
The Compensation Committee has broad powers to administer and interpret the Plan, including the authority to establish, amend or rescind any rules and regulations relating to the Plan and to make any other determinations that it deems necessary or desirable for the administration of the Plan. The Compensation Committee may correct any defect or supply any omission or reconcile any inconsistency in the Plan in the manner and to the extent that the Compensation Committee deems necessary or desirable, and has the full power and authority to establish the terms and conditions of any award consistent with the provisions of the Plan and to waive any such terms and conditions at any time (including, without limitation, accelerating or waiving any vesting conditions).
Term
Awards may be granted under the Plan from time to time until the Plan is discontinued or terminated by the Board. No award may be granted under the Plan after the tenth anniversary of the approval of the Plan by the stockholders at the annual meeting, but awards granted prior to such date may extend beyond that date.
Adjustments
In the event of any change in our outstanding shares of common stock by reason of any share dividend or split, reorganization, recapitalization, merger, consolidation, spin-off, combination, or exchange of shares or any similar corporate transaction, or any distribution to stockholders other than regular cash dividends, the Compensation Committee shall make appropriate adjustments to the Plan or any outstanding awards, which may include (1) the number or kind of shares or other securities issued or reserved for issuance pursuant to outstanding awards or to the Plan, (2) the maximum number of shares that may be subject to awards granted to a single participant under the plan, (3) option price or grant price and/or (4) any other affected terms of such awards, including one or more performance goals.
Minimum Vesting Requirement
Notwithstanding any other provision of the Plan to the contrary and subject to the immediately following proviso, equity-based awards granted under the Plan shall vest no earlier than the first anniversary of the date the award is granted; provided, however, that the Compensation Committee may grant awards without regard to the foregoing minimum vesting requirement with respect to a maximum of five percent (5%) of the authorized share reserve. (For the avoidance of doubt, this shall not be construed to limit the committee’s discretion to provide for accelerated exercisability or vesting of an award, including in cases of death, disability or a change of control.)
Dividends and Dividend Equivalents
The payment of any dividends, dividend equivalents or distributions declared or paid on shares covered by an award shall be deferred until the lapsing of the restrictions imposed upon such awards. The Compensation Committee shall determine if any such deferred dividends or distributions shall be reinvested in additional shares or credited during the deferral period with interest at a rate per annum as the Compensation Committee, in its discretion, may determine. Payment of any such deferred dividends or distributions, together with any interest accrued thereon, shall be made upon the lapsing of the restrictions imposed on such awards and any such deferred dividends, dividend equivalents or distributions (together with any interest accrued thereon) shall be forfeited upon the forfeiture of such awards.
Change of Control
For all outstanding awards, any acceleration of vesting or settlement of an award in connection with a change of control will be determined by the Compensation Committee and set forth in each award agreement. If and to the extent determined by the Compensation Committee in the applicable agreement or otherwise, any awards outstanding immediately prior to a change of control which are unexercisable or otherwise unvested or subject to lapse restrictions may be deemed exercisable or otherwise vested or no longer subject to lapse restrictions, as the case may be. The Compensation Committee may, but is not obligated to, with respect to some or all of the outstanding awards, (1) cancel such awards for fair value (as determined in the sole discretion of the Compensation Committee), (2) provide for the issuance of substitute awards that will substantially preserve the otherwise applicable terms of any affected awards previously granted under the Plan as determined by the Compensation

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Committee in its sole discretion, or (3) provide that for a period of at least 15 days prior to the change of control, any options or SARs (that are settled in shares) will be exercisable as to all shares subject thereto and that upon the occurrence of the change of control, such options and SARs will terminate and be of no further force and effect.
Under the Plan, a change of control generally occurs upon the following: (a) the sale or disposition, in one or a series of related transactions, of all or substantially all of the assets of the Company; (b) the date that any person or group becomes the “beneficial owner,” directly or indirectly, of 50% or more of the total voting power of the voting stock of the Company; (c) a change in the majority composition of our Board of Directors; (d) consummation of a reorganization, merger, statutory share exchange or consolidation or similar corporate transaction involving the Company (subject to certain exceptions); or (e) the consummation of a plan of complete liquidation or dissolution of the Company.
Amendments and Termination
The Board may amend, alter or discontinue the Plan. However, the Board may not amend, alter or discontinue the Plan without stockholder consent if such action would (except as is provided pursuant to the adjustment provisions set forth in the Plan) increase the total number of shares reserved for the purposes of the Plan. Also, the Board may not amend, alter or discontinue the Plan without the consent of a participant if such action would diminish any of the rights of the participant under any award previously granted to such participant under the Plan; provided , however , that this restriction would not apply to amendments required by the Code or other applicable laws. Additionally, the Board may not amend the provisions of the Plan that restrict the repricing of options and SARs as described in the last paragraph under “Types of Awards - Stock Options and Stock Appreciation Rights (“SARs”).”
Types of Awards
The Plan authorizes grants of a variety of awards described below. The Compensation Committee may grant options to any participant it selects, and determines the terms and conditions of each award at the time of grant, subject to the limitations set forth in the Plan, including whether payment of awards may be subject to the achievement of performance goals. The terms and conditions of each award will be set forth in a written agreement.
Stock Options and Stock Appreciation Rights (SARs)
A stock option entitles a participant to purchase a specified number of shares of common stock at a specified exercise price, subject to such terms and conditions as the Compensation Committee may determine. An SAR entitles a participant to receive a payment measured by the excess of the fair market value of a specified number of shares of common stock on the date on which the participant exercises the SAR over a specified grant price, subject to such terms and conditions as the Compensation Committee may determine.
Except in the case of substitute awards granted in connection with a corporate transaction, the applicable exercise or grant price cannot be less than 100% of the fair market value of a share on the date of grant.
All options and SARs must terminate no later than ten years after the date of grant; provided, however, that (other than as would otherwise result in the violation of Section 409A of the Code), to the extent an option or SAR would expire at a time when the holder of such award is prohibited by applicable law or by the Company's insider trading policy from exercising the option or SAR (the "Closed Window Period"), then such option or SAR shall remain exercisable until the 30th day following the end of the Closed Window Period.
Options and SARs do not include dividend equivalent rights.
At the time of exercise, the option price must be paid in full in either cash, delivery of shares, by having the Company withhold a number of shares otherwise deliverable, or in a cashless exercise through a broker or similar arrangement, depending on the terms of the specific award agreement.
If an SAR is granted in relation to an option, then unless otherwise determined by the Compensation Committee, the SAR will be exercisable or will mature at the same time and on the same conditions that the related option may be exercised or mature. Upon exercise of any number of SARs, the number of shares subject to the related option will be reduced accordingly and such option may not be exercised with respect to that number of shares. The exercise of any number of options that relate to an SAR will likewise result in an equivalent reduction in the number of shares covered by the related SAR.
Subject to the adjustment provisions set forth in the Plan, the Compensation Committee will not, other than in connection with a change of control, take any of the following actions without the approval of the stockholders of the Company:
Reduce the purchase price or base price of any previously granted option or SAR;

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Cancel any previously granted option or SAR in exchange for another option or SAR with a lower purchase price or base price; or
Cancel any previously granted option or SAR in exchange for cash or another award if the purchase price of such option or the base price of such SAR exceeds the fair market value of a share of common stock on the date of such cancellation.
Restricted Stock Awards and Restricted Stock Units (“RSUs”)
Restricted stock awards are shares of common stock that are issued to a participant subject to transfer and other restrictions as the Compensation Committee may determine, such as the continued employment of the participant. RSU awards entitle the participant to receive a payment in cash or shares of common stock equal to the fair market value of one share of common stock, subject to certain restrictions as the committee may determine (such as continued employment or meeting certain performance goals).
Restricted stock and restricted stock units may not be sold, transferred or otherwise disposed of and may not be pledged or otherwise hypothecated unless and until the applicable restrictions determined by the Compensation Committee and as set forth in the applicable award agreement have lapsed.
Other Stock-Based Awards
Subject to the terms of the Plan, the Compensation Committee may grant to participants other types of awards, which may be denominated or payable in, valued in whole or in part by reference to, or otherwise based on, shares, either alone or in addition to or in conjunction with other awards, and payable in shares or in cash.
The Compensation Committee will determine all terms and conditions of the awards; provided that any award that provides for purchase rights will be priced at no less than 100% of the fair market value of the underlying shares on the grant date of the award.
Annual Incentive Awards
Subject to the terms of the Plan, the Compensation Committee will determine all terms and conditions of an annual incentive award, including but not limited to the performance goals, performance period, the potential amount payable, the type of payment, and the timing of payment.
However, the Compensation Committee must require that payment of all or any portion of the amount subject to the annual incentive award is contingent on the achievement or partial achievement of one or more performance goals during the period the Compensation Committee specifies, subject to qualifications as set forth in the Plan.
The Compensation Committee may determine the payment method of these awards, including allowing for an election between payment methods by the participant.
Long-Term Incentive Awards
Subject to the terms of the Plan, the Compensation Committee will determine all terms and conditions of a long-term incentive award, including but not limited to the performance goals, performance period, the potential amount payable, the type of payment, and the timing of payment.
However, payment of any amount subject to long-term incentive award is contingent on the achievement or partial achievement of one or more performance goals during the applicable period.
The performance period must relate to a period of more than one fiscal year of the Company, with an exception for new employees.
The Compensation Committee may determine the payment method of these awards, including allowing for an election between payment methods by the participant.
Performance Goals
The performance goals available to the Compensation Committee under the Plan for performance-based awards under Section 162(m) of the Code consist of one or more of the following with respect to the Company or any one or more affiliates or other business units: net income; operating income; income from continuing operations; net sales; cost of sales; revenue; gross income; earnings (including before taxes and/or interest and/or depreciation and amortization); net earnings per share (including diluted earnings per share); price per share; cash flow; net cash provided by operating activities; net cash provided by operating activities less net cash used in investing activities; operating cash flow; free cash flow; net operating profit; pre-tax profit; ratio of debt to debt plus equity; return on stockholder equity; return on invested capital; total stockholder return; relative total stockholder return; return on invested capital; return on capital; return on assets; return on equity; return on investment; return on revenues; operating working capital; working capital as a percentage of net sales; cost of capital; average

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accounts receivable; economic value added; performance value added; customer satisfaction; customer loyalty and/or retention; employee safety; employee engagement; market share; system reliability; cost structure reduction; regulatory outcomes; diversity; cost savings; operating margin; profit margin; sales performance; and internal revenue growth. Any performance goals that are financial metrics may be determined in accordance with United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“U.S. GAAP”) or may be adjusted when established (or to the extent permitted under Section 162(m) of the Code, at any time thereafter) to include or exclude any items otherwise includable or excludable under U.S. GAAP.
Where applicable, the performance goals may be expressed, without limitation, in terms of attaining a specified level of the particular criterion or the attainment of an increase or decrease (expressed as absolute numbers or as a percentage) in the particular criterion or achievement in relation to a peer group or other index. The performance goals may include a threshold level of performance below which no payment will be made (or no vesting will occur), levels of performance at which specified payments will be paid (or specified vesting will occur), and a maximum level of performance above which no additional payment will be made (or at which full vesting will occur).
As to each performance goal, the Compensation Committee, in its discretion, may exclude or include the effects of the following: (i) charges for reorganizing and restructuring; (ii) discontinued operations; (iii) asset write-downs; (iv) gains or losses on the disposition of a business or asset; (v) changes in tax or accounting principles, regulations or laws; (vi) currency fluctuations; (vii) mergers, acquisitions or dispositions; (viii) unusual, infrequently occurring and/or non-recurring items of gain or loss that the Company identifies in its audited financial statements, including notes to the financial statements, or Management’s Discussion and Analysis section of the Company’s annual report; and (ix) any other excluded item that the committee designates either at the time an award is made or thereafter to the extent permitted by Code Section 162(m).
Nontransferability of Awards
No award under the Plan may be transferable or assignable other than by will or the laws of descent and distribution, except that an award agreement may provide that a participant may transfer an award to family members, a trust or entity established for estate planning purposes or a charitable organization.
Recoupment of Awards
All awards granted under the Plan, and any share of stock issued or cash paid pursuant to such awards, are subject to any recoupment, clawback, equity holding, stock ownership, or similar policies adopted by the Company from time to time and any recoupment, clawback, equity holding, stock ownership, or similar requirements made applicable by law, regulation or listing standards to the Company from time to time.
New Plan Benefits
All awards to directors, executive officers and other key employees are made at the discretion of the Compensation Committee as authorized by the Board and the benefits and amounts that will be received or allocated under the amended Plan are not determinable at this time.
Federal Income Tax Consequences
The following is a brief summary of certain United States federal income tax consequences generally arising with respect to awards under the Plan. This discussion does not address all aspects of the United States federal income tax consequences of participating in the Plan that may be relevant to participants in light of their personal investment or tax circumstances and does not discuss any state, local or non-United States tax consequences of participating in the Plan. Each participant is advised to consult his or her personal tax advisor concerning the application of the United States federal income tax laws to such participant’s particular situation, as well as the applicability and effect of any state, local or non-United States tax laws before taking any actions with respect to any awards.
Section 162(m) of the Code
Section 162(m) of the Code generally limits to $1 million the amount that a publicly held corporation is allowed each year to deduct for the compensation paid to each of the corporation’s chief executive officer, chief financial officer, and the three most highly compensated executive officers other than the chief executive officer and the chief financial officer. However, “qualified performance-based compensation” is not subject to the $1 million deduction limit. To qualify as qualified performance-based compensation, the following requirements must be satisfied: (i) the performance goals are determined by a committee consisting solely of two or more “outside directors”; (ii) the material terms under which the compensation is to be paid, including the performance goals, are approved by the corporation’s stockholders; and (iii) the Compensation Committee certifies that the applicable performance goals are satisfied before payment of any qualified performance-based compensation is made.

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Sections 409A and 280G of the Code
Awards under the Plan may constitute, or provide for, a deferral of compensation under Section 409A of the Code. If the requirements of Section 409A are not complied with, holders of such awards may be taxed earlier than would otherwise be the case (e.g., at the time of vesting instead of at the time of payment) and may be subject to an additional 20% income tax and, potentially, interest and penalties. We have sought to structure the Plan, and we expect to seek to structure awards under the Plan, to comply with Section 409A and the Department of Treasury regulations and other interpretive guidance issued pursuant to Section 409A. To the extent that we determine that any award granted under the Plan is subject to Section 409A, the award agreement evidencing such award will generally incorporate the terms and conditions required by Section 409A. The Plan and any applicable awards may be modified to exempt the awards from Section 409A or comply with the requirements of Section 409A.
Awards that are granted, accelerated or enhanced upon the occurrence of a change of control may give rise, in whole or in part, to excess parachute payments within the meaning of Section 280G of the Code to the extent that such payments, when aggregated with other payments subject to Section 280G, exceed the limitations contained in that provision. Such excess parachute payments are not deductible by us and are subject to an excise tax of 20% payable by the participant under Code Section 4999.
Stock Options
A participant will not recognize taxable income at the time an option is granted, and the Company will not be entitled to a tax deduction at that time. A participant will recognize compensation taxable as ordinary income (and subject to income tax withholding in respect of an employee) upon his or her exercise of a non-qualified stock option equal to the excess of the fair market value of the share purchased over its purchase price, and the Company generally will be entitled to a corresponding deduction.
SARs
A participant will not recognize taxable income at the time SARs are granted, and the Company will not be entitled to a tax deduction at that time. Upon exercise, the participant will recognize compensation taxable as ordinary income (and subject to income tax withholding in respect of an employee) in an amount equal to the fair market value of any shares delivered and the amount of cash paid by the Company. This amount generally is deductible by the Company as compensation expense.
Restricted Stock and Restricted Stock Units
A participant will not recognize taxable income at the time restricted stock that is subject to a substantial risk of forfeiture is granted, and the Company will not be entitled to a tax deduction at that time unless the participant makes an election to be taxed at that time. If such election is made, the participant will recognize compensation taxable as ordinary income (and subject to income tax withholding in respect of an employee) at the time of the grant in an amount equal to the excess of the fair market value of the shares at such time over the amount, if any, paid for those shares. If such election is not made, the participant will recognize compensation taxable as ordinary income (and subject to income tax withholding in respect of an employee) at the time the restrictions constituting a substantial risk of forfeiture lapse in an amount equal to the excess of the fair market value of the shares at such time over the amount, if any, paid for those shares. The amount of ordinary income recognized by making the above-described election or upon the lapse of such restrictions generally is deductible by the Company as compensation expense, except to the extent the deduction limits of Section 162(m) of the Code apply.
A participant will not recognize taxable income at the time a restricted stock unit is granted, and the Company will not be entitled to a tax deduction at that time. Upon settlement of restricted stock units, the participant will recognize compensation taxable as ordinary income (and subject to income tax withholding in respect of an employee) in an amount equal to the fair market value of any shares delivered and the amount of any cash paid by the Company. The amount of ordinary income recognized generally is deductible by the Company as compensation expense, except to the extent the deduction limits of Section 162(m) of the Code apply.
Unrestricted Stock
A participant will recognize compensation taxable as ordinary income (and subject to income tax withholding in respect of an employee) at the time unrestricted stock is granted. The Company generally is entitled to a corresponding deduction at the time ordinary income is recognized by the participant, except to the extent the deduction limits of Section 162(m) of the Code apply.
Annual Incentive Awards and Long-Term Incentive Awards
A participant will not recognize taxable income at the time annual incentive awards and long-term incentive awards are granted, and the Company will not be entitled to a tax deduction at that time. Upon settlement of such awards, the participant will recognize compensation taxable as ordinary income (and subject to income tax withholding in respect of an employee)

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in an amount equal to the fair market value of any shares delivered and the amount of cash paid by the Company. This amount generally is deductible by the Company as compensation expense, except to the extent the deduction limits of Section 162(m) of the Code apply.
Dividend Equivalent Rights
A participant who is paid a dividend equivalent with respect to an award will recognize ordinary income equal to the value of cash or common stock paid, and the Company will be entitled to a corresponding deduction in the same amount and at the same time.
Required Vote
The affirmative FOR vote of a majority of votes cast at the Annual Meeting is required to approve the Plan. Abstentions are not counted as votes FOR or AGAINST approval of the Plan, and will therefore have no effect on such vote.
The Board of Directors recommends that the stockholders vote FOR the proposal to approve the Plan.



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Corporate Governance
Cooper Standard is committed to sound corporate governance principles. Having such principles is essential to maintaining our integrity in the marketplace and ensuring that we are managed for the long-term benefit of our stockholders. Our business is overseen by our Board of Directors. Our Board strives to promote the success and continuity of our business through the selection of a qualified management team. It is also responsible for making certain that our activities are conducted responsibly, lawfully and ethically.
The Board has adopted Corporate Governance Guidelines which provide a framework for the effective governance of the Company. The Board has also adopted a Code of Conduct which applies to all directors, officers, and employees, including our chief executive officer, our chief financial officer, and our controller. All of our corporate governance documents, including the Corporate Governance Guidelines, the Code of Conduct, and committee charters are available on our website at www.cooperstandard.com under the “Investors” tab or in printed form upon request by contacting Cooper Standard at 39550 Orchard Hill Place, Novi, Michigan 48375, Attention: Investor Relations. The Board regularly reviews corporate governance developments and modifies our policies as warranted. Any modifications will be reflected on our website. In addition, if the Board grants any waivers from our Code of Conduct to any of our directors or executive officers, or if we amend our Code of Conduct, we will, if required, disclose these matters through the “Investor” section of our website on a timely basis. The information on our website is not part of this proxy statement and is not deemed to be incorporated by reference in this proxy statement.
Board of Directors
Independence of Directors
Our Corporate Governance Guidelines provide that a majority of the members of the Board must meet the criteria for independence set forth under applicable law and the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) listing standards. The Board determines on an annual basis whether each director qualifies as independent under these criteria. In addition to applying the NYSE independence rules, the Board will consider all relevant facts and circumstances of which it is aware in making an independence determination with respect to any director. Furthermore, our Audit, Compensation and Governance Committees are constituted so as to comply with the NYSE listing standards regarding independence.
The Board has determined that Messrs. August, Mahoney, Mirro, Remenar, Sidlik, Van Oss, Ms. Sepahban, and Ms. Zhang are independent as determined pursuant to NYSE rules. Mr. Edwards is not independent because he is our CEO. Mr. Mastrocola is not independent under NYSE rules because his brother is a partner at Ernst & Young LLP, the Company’s independent auditors. Mr. Mastrocola’s brother has no direct involvement of any kind in the relationship between Ernst & Young LLP and the Company or the review of our financial statements.
Board Leadership Structure
The Board’s leadership structure currently includes a combined chairman and chief executive officer role with a non-employee lead director, as permitted by our Corporate Governance Guidelines. Mr. Edwards serves as chairman of the board of directors as well as our CEO. The Board believes that this structure is in the best interests of our stockholders as it takes into consideration the importance of having a chairman with in-depth knowledge of and experience in our industry, as well as promotes communication between management and the Board, in particular with respect to the Board’s oversight of the Company’s strategic direction. In addition, this structure helps ensure that the non-employee directors’ attention is devoted to the issues of greatest importance to the Company and our stockholders. Our Board periodically reviews its determination to have a single individual serve as both chairman and CEO.
The lead director is elected by the non-employee members of the Board upon the recommendation of the Governance Committee. The Board believes that the role of the lead director, together with the existence of a substantial majority of independent directors, fully independent Board committees, and the use of regular executive sessions of non-employee directors achieves an appropriate balance between the effective development of key strategic and operational objectives and independent oversight of management.
Mr. Mastrocola has been chosen as the lead director. The lead director (i) presides at meetings and sessions of the non-employee directors and communicates with management concerning the substance of such meetings and sessions; (ii) assists the Board’s chairman with the setting of agendas and other matters relating to meetings of the Board; (iii) in consultation with the Compensation Committee, assists the Board with its evaluation of the performance of the CEO; and (iv) undertakes such other activities as may be requested by the Board or required by applicable laws, regulations, or rules.

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Board’s Role in Risk Oversight
The Board is responsible for analyzing and overseeing material risks we face. The Board works with our executive leadership team to identify significant risks to our business. Management continually monitors the following general categories of risk related to our business: financial reporting risk, strategic and macroeconomic risk, operational risk, and legal and compliance risk. Those risks are regularly reviewed with the Board and its committees. The Board ensures that appropriate policies and procedures are in place to identify and mitigate risks and that those policies and procedures are followed.
In addition to the role of the full Board in overseeing risk, the Board committees are also involved in risk oversight. The Audit Committee reviews with management (i) our policies with respect to risk assessment and management of risks that may be material to the Company, (ii) our system of disclosure controls and system of internal controls over financial reporting, and (iii) our compliance with legal and regulatory requirements. The Compensation Committee regularly reviews our compensation programs and practices and determines whether any such programs or practices create risks that are likely to have any material adverse effect on the Company. If such risks are present, the Compensation Committee may require changes to our compensation programs or practices to eliminate such risks. The Governance Committee reviews and oversees risks related to our governance structure and processes, related-party transactions, and our legal and ethical compliance programs, including our Code of Conduct.
Meetings
Our Board of Directors met eleven times in 2016. As set forth in our Corporate Governance Guidelines, Board members are expected to attend Board meetings and meetings of the committees on which they serve. All directors are also strongly encouraged to attend our annual meeting of the stockholders. All incumbent director nominees attended at least 75% of the meetings of our Board and the committees on which such director served during 2016. Seven of the eight incumbent directors attended the 2016 Annual Meeting.
Meetings of Non-Employee Directors
In accordance with our Corporate Governance Guidelines and the listing standards of NYSE, our non-employee directors meet regularly in executive sessions of the Board without management present. Executive sessions of non-employee directors are led by Mr. Mastrocola, the lead director, and are held in conjunction with each regularly scheduled Board meeting. Each committee of the Board also meets in executive session without management in conjunction with regularly scheduled committee meetings, as appropriate. At least once a year, the independent directors meet in an executive session led by one of the independent directors who is selected by all of the independent directors to lead the session.

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Board Committees and Their Functions
Committees of the Board of Directors
Our Board of Directors currently has three standing committees: the Audit Committee, the Compensation Committee, and the Governance Committee. The following chart sets forth the directors who currently serve as members of each of the Board committees.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Directors
  
Audit Committee
  
Compensation Committee
  
Governance Committee
Jeffrey S. Edwards *
  
 
  
 
  
 
Glenn R. August
  
 
  
C
  
X
Sean O. Mahoney
  
X
  
 
  
 
David J. Mastrocola **
  
 
  
 
  
 
Justin E. Mirro
  
 
  
 
  
X
Robert J. Remenar
  
 
  
X
  
 
Sonya F. Sepahban
 
 
 
X
 
 
Thomas W. Sidlik
  
X
  
 
  
C
Stephen A. Van Oss
  
C
  
X
  
 
 
 
*    Chairman of Board
**    Lead Director
"C"    Denotes member and Chairman of Committee
"X"    Denotes member
 
 
Audit Committee
Our Audit Committee met eight times in 2016 and currently consists of Messrs. Van Oss, Mahoney, and Sidlik. Mr. Van Oss serves as the chairman of the Audit Committee. The Board of Directors has determined that each member of the Audit Committee is financially literate and that Messrs. Van Oss and Mahoney qualify as Audit Committee financial experts, as defined by the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). The Board of Directors has further determined that each member of the Audit Committee is independent under applicable NYSE listing standards and SEC rules. The Audit Committee is organized and conducts its business pursuant to a written charter adopted by the Board and available on our website. The Audit Committee’s principal responsibilities include: (i) selecting our independent registered public accounting firm; (ii) overseeing our accounting and financial reporting processes and the audit of our annual and quarterly financial statements; (iii) overseeing our compliance with legal and regulatory requirements; (iv) reviewing and evaluating the independence, qualifications, and performance of our independent auditors and the performance of our internal audit function; and (v) reviewing and overseeing our system of internal controls regarding finance, accounting, and legal compliance.
Compensation Committee
Our Compensation Committee met seven times in 2016 and currently consists of Messrs. August, Remenar, Van Oss, and Ms. Sepahban. Mr. August serves as the chairman of the Compensation Committee but is not standing for election to the Board at the Annual Meeting. The Board of Directors has determined that each member of the Compensation Committee is independent under applicable NYSE listing standards and SEC rules. The Compensation Committee is organized and conducts its business pursuant to a written charter adopted by the Board and available on our website. The Compensation Committee’s principal responsibilities include: (i) reviewing and approving corporate goals, objectives and other criteria relevant to the compensation of the chief executive officer and other executive officers; (ii) together with the lead director, evaluating the performance of the chief executive officer and other executive officers and determining their compensation; (iii) establishing our overall compensation philosophy and reviewing and approving executive compensation programs, and assessing related risks; (iv) reviewing and approving any employment or severance arrangements with executive officers; (v) reviewing and approving equity-based compensation plans and awards made pursuant to such plans; (vi) working with the CEO and the Board with respect to succession planning; and (vii) overseeing the Company’s employee benefit plans, including the delegation of responsibility for such programs to the Company’s Benefit Plan Committee.

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The Compensation Committee has engaged FW Cook as its independent compensation consultant. The consultant reports directly to the Compensation Committee, including with respect to management’s recommendations of compensation programs and awards. The consultant advises the Compensation Committee on a number of compensation-related considerations, including compensation practices among our peer group companies, pay-for-performance measures, competitiveness of pay levels, program design, and market trends. Other than consulting on executive compensation matters, FW Cook has performed no other services for the Compensation Committee or the Company.
The Compensation Committee maintains a formal process to ensure the independence of any executive compensation advisor engaged by the Compensation Committee, including consideration of all factors relevant to the advisor’s independence from management as required by applicable NYSE listing standards.  In connection with its engagement of FW Cook, the Compensation Committee considered these factors and determined that FW Cook qualified as independent. 
Governance Committee
Our Governance Committee met six times in 2016 and currently consists of Messrs. Sidlik, August, and Mirro. Mr. Sidlik serves as the chairman of the Governance Committee. The Board of Directors has determined that each member of the Governance Committee is independent under applicable NYSE listing standards and SEC rules. The Governance Committee is organized and conducts its business pursuant to a written charter adopted by the Board and available on our website. The Governance Committee’s principal responsibilities include: (i) identifying and evaluating individuals qualified to become members of the Board, consistent with criteria approved by the Board; (ii) selecting or recommending that the Board select the director nominees to stand for election by the stockholders or to fill vacancies on the Board and board committee memberships; (iii) developing and ensuring compliance with corporate governance principles and practices applicable to the Company; (iv) reviewing our legal compliance and ethics programs and policies; (v) reviewing and recommending to the full Board director compensation, as well as indemnification and insurance matters; and (vi) overseeing the annual performance evaluation of the Board and its committees.
Nomination of Directors
It is the policy of the Governance Committee and the Board to consider director candidates recommended by the stockholders. The Governance Committee will evaluate candidates recommended for director by the stockholders using the same criteria that it uses in evaluating any other candidate. The procedures for a stockholder to nominate director candidates are described below under “Stockholder Nominations.” In addition to nominees recommended by the stockholders, the Governance Committee will consider candidates recommended by management, members of the Board, search firms, and other sources as necessary.
In identifying and evaluating nominees for director, the Governance Committee takes into account the applicable requirements for directors under the Exchange Act and the NYSE listing rules. In addition, the Governance Committee considers other criteria it deems appropriate and which may vary over time depending on the Board’s needs, including criteria such as automotive or manufacturing industry experience, general understanding of various business disciplines (e.g., marketing, finance, etc.), the Company’s business environment, educational and professional background, analytical ability, diversity of experience and viewpoint, and willingness to devote adequate time to Board duties. In 2016, the Board, upon the recommendation of the Governance Committee, amended the Company’s Governance Guidelines to require that the potential pool of Board candidates reflects diversity in gender, race, ethnic background, country of citizenship, and professional experience.
Stockholder Nominations
The Governance Committee will consider director candidates recommended by the stockholders. The Company’s By-Laws provide certain procedures that a stockholder must follow to nominate persons for election to the Board of Directors. Nominations for director at an annual stockholder meeting must be submitted in writing to the Governance Committee in care of the secretary at the Company’s principal executive offices at 39550 Orchard Hill Place, Novi, Michigan 48375 in accordance with the procedures and deadlines outlined under “Submitting Stockholder Proposals and Nominations for the 2018 Annual Meeting.” The secretary must receive the notice of a stockholder’s intention to introduce a nomination at an annual stockholder meeting:  
Not later than the close of business on the 90th day nor earlier than the opening of business on the 120th day before the anniversary date of the immediately preceding annual meeting of the stockholders; or
If the annual meeting is called for a date that is more than 30 days earlier or more than 60 days after such anniversary date, notice by the stockholder to be timely must be received not earlier than the opening of business on the 120th day before the meeting and not later than the later of (x) the close of business on the 90th day before the meeting or (y) the close of business on the 10th day following the day on which public announcement of the date of the annual meeting is first made by the Company.

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The By-Laws also provide, among other things, that the stockholder nomination notice must contain all information relating to such nominee that is required to be disclosed in solicitations of proxies for elections of directors in an election contest, or is otherwise required, in each case pursuant to Regulation 14A under the Exchange Act (including such person’s written consent to being named in the proxy statement as a nominee and to serve as director if elected).
Other Matters Concerning Directors, Nominees and Executive Officers
SEC regulations require the Company to describe certain legal proceedings, including bankruptcy and insolvency filings involving directors, nominees for director or executive officers of the Company or companies of which a director, nominee for director or executive officer was an executive officer at the time of filing. Mr. Keith D. Stephenson served as an executive officer of the Company at the time the Company filed for protection under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code (“Chapter 11”) in August 2009. Mr. Remenar, nominee for director, was an executive officer of Chassix Inc. approximately nine months before Chassix Inc. filed for protection under Chapter 11 in March 2015.
Communications with the Board of Directors
The Board has established procedures for the stockholders and other interested parties to communicate with the Board. A stockholder or other interested party may contact the Board by writing to the lead director or the non-employee or independent members of the Board to their attention at the Company’s principal executive offices at 39550 Orchard Hill Place, Novi, Michigan 48375. Any stockholder must include the number of shares of the Company’s common stock he or she holds and any interested party must detail his or her relationship with the Company in any communication to the Board. Communications received in writing are distributed to the lead director or non-employee or independent members of the Board as a group, as appropriate, unless such communications are considered, in the reasonable judgment of the Company’s secretary, improper for submission to the intended recipient(s). Examples of communications that would be considered improper for submission include, without limitation, customer complaints, solicitations, communications that do not relate directly or indirectly to the Company or the Company’s business, or communications that relate to improper or irrelevant topics.


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Executive Officers

Set forth below is certain information with respect to the current executive officers of the Company.
Name
 
Age
 
Position
Jeffrey S. Edwards
 
54
 
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
Matthew W. Hardt
 
49
 
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
Keith D. Stephenson
 
56
 
Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer
Juan Fernando de Miguel Posada
 
59
 
Senior Vice President and President, Europe and South America
Song Min Lee
 
57
 
Senior Vice President and President, Asia
D. William Pumphrey, Jr.
 
57
 
Senior Vice President and President, North America
Aleksandra A. Miziolek
 
60
 
Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary
Larry E. Ott
 
57
 
Senior Vice President and Chief Human Resources Officer
Jonathan P. Banas
 
46
 
Vice President, Controller and Chief Accounting Officer
Sharon S. Wenzl
 
58
 
Senior Vice President, Corporate Communications and Community Affairs

Jeffrey S. Edwards is our chairman and chief executive officer, a position he has held since May 2013, previously serving as chief executive officer and member of the Board of Directors of the Company since October 2012. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Edwards gained more than 28 years of automotive industry experience through various positions of increasing responsibility at Johnson Controls, Inc. He led the Automotive Experience Asia Group, serving as corporate vice president, group vice president and general manager from 2004 to 2012. Prior to this, he served as group vice president and general manager for Automotive Experience North America from 2002 to 2004. Mr. Edwards completed an executive training program at INSEAD and earned a Bachelor of Science from Clarion University. Mr. Edwards is a member of the Executive Committee of the National Association of Manufacturers and a member of its board of directors since April 2013. He has also served on the board of directors of Standex International Corp. since October 2014.

Matthew W. Hardt is our executive vice president and chief financial officer, a position he has held since March 2015. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Hardt served as senior vice president, finance, Industrial Solutions from 2012 to 2014 and Consumer and Industrial Solutions from 2010 to 2012 at TE Connectivity LTD (previously Tyco Electronics). Mr. Hardt served as vice president, finance, for TE Connectivity LTD’s Specialty Products Group from 2009 to 2010. He previously served in multiple finance and audit roles of increasing responsibility at General Electric Co., including chief financial officer for a number of the company’s global divisions. Mr. Hardt earned a Bachelor of Science in Finance from Siena College.

Keith D. Stephenson  is our executive vice president and chief operating officer, a position he has held since January 2014, previously serving as chief operating officer since December 2010. He served as president, International, from March 2009 to December 2010. He served as president, Global Body & Chassis Systems, from June 2007 to March 2009. Mr. Stephenson was chief development officer at Boler Company from January 2004 until October 2006. From 1985 to January 2004, he held various senior positions at Hendrickson, a division of Boler Company, including president of International Operations, senior vice president of Global Business Operations and president of the Truck Systems Group. Mr. Stephenson earned his Bachelor of Arts in Business Administration from North Central College.

Juan Fernando de Miguel Posada is our senior vice president and president, Europe and South America, a position he has held since January 2014, previously serving as president, Europe, since March 2013. Mr. de Miguel served as Western European chief executive officer of Avincis Emergency Services from September 2012 until joining the Company. From May 2011 to September 2012, he served as consulting president for Europe for Argo Consulting. Mr. de Miguel served as managing director of the Paper Division of SAICA in Spain from 2009 to 2011. From 2007 to 2009, he served as president of the Protective Packaging division of Pregis in Belgium. Mr. de Miguel served as senior vice president of Northern Europe for Alstom Transport in France from 2006 to 2007. Previously, Mr. de Miguel held numerous senior level positions at Johnson Controls, Inc., beginning in 1988 and ultimately serving as group vice president and general manager, Electronics, Europe and International. Mr. de Miguel received an electrical engineering degree and a Masters in Industrial Engineering from Universidad Politecnica de Barcelona, as well as an Executive Master in Business Administration from the IESE Business School - University of Navarra in Spain.

Song Min Lee is our senior vice president and president, Asia Pacific, a position he has held since January 2014, previously serving as president, Asia Pacific, since January 2013. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Lee served as vice president and general manager of Johnson Controls, Inc., from 2007 to 2012. From 2006 to 2007, Mr. Lee served as vice president and

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president, Korea, for Autoliv, Inc. Mr. Lee served as plant manager for Lear Corporation from 2004 to 2006 and held various engineering positions at Ford Motor Company from 1994 to 2004. Mr. Lee completed the Advanced Management Program at Seoul National University. Mr. Lee also earned a Master of Science in Management Technology from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and a Bachelor of Science in Chemistry from Washburn University.

D. William Pumphrey, Jr., is our senior vice president and president, North America, a position he has held since January 2014, previously serving as president, North America, since August 2011. Mr. Pumphrey served as president, Americas for Tower Automotive from 2008 through August 2011. From 2005 to 2008, he served as president of Tower’s North America operations. From 1999 to 2004, Mr. Pumphrey held various positions at Lear Corporation in Southfield, Michigan, ultimately serving as president of the company’s Asia Pacific operations. Mr. Pumphrey earned a Master of Business Administration from the University of Michigan and a Bachelor of Arts from Kenyon College.

Aleksandra A. Miziolek is our senior vice president, general counsel and secretary, a position she has held since February 2014. From 2010 to January 2014, Ms. Miziolek was the director of the Automotive Industry Group of Dykema Gossett, PLLC, a national law firm. From 2003 to 2010, Ms. Miziolek served on Dykema’s Executive Board and as the director of its Business Services Department. Ms. Miziolek joined Dykema in 1982 after serving as a law clerk for the Honorable James P. Churchill in the U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Michigan, Southern Division. Ms. Miziolek received her Juris Doctor from Wayne State University Law School.

Larry E. Ott is our senior vice president and chief human resources officer, a position he has held since January 2014, previously serving as vice president, global human resources, since August 2013. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Ott served as senior vice president, human resources, for Meritor, Inc., from 2010 until 2013. Prior to this, he held a similar position at Ally Financial Inc. from 2006 until July 2010. Mr. Ott spent 20 years at General Motors in a variety of progressive human resources functions. Mr. Ott earned a Master of Business Administration with a concentration in Organizational Behavior and Industrial Relations from the University of Michigan and a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration and English from the University of Wisconsin at Stevens Point.

Jonathan P. Banas is our vice president, controller and chief accounting officer, a position he has held since September 2015. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Banas served as director, Financial Reporting, of ZF TRW Automotive Holdings Corp. (formerly TRW Automotive Holdings Corp.) from 2010 to 2015. Prior to this role, Mr. Banas served as senior manager of Financial Planning and Analysis from 2007 to 2010 and of Financial Reporting and Technical Accounting from 2004 to 2007 at TRW Automotive Holdings Corp. Previously, Mr. Banas held corporate accounting and financial reporting roles with Hayes Lemmerz International, Inc., from 2003 to 2004, was president of 664 Consulting Group, PC, from 2000 to 2003 and was manager, Audit and Assurance, at KPMG LLP from 1994 to 1999. Mr. Banas is a certified public accountant and earned a Master of Business Administration with a concentration in Finance and Accounting from the University of Michigan and a Bachelor of Business Administration in Accounting from Wayne State University.

Sharon S. Wenzl is our senior vice president, Corporate Communications and Community Affairs, a position she has held since January 2016. Previously, she was vice president, Corporate Communications, a position she held since joining the Company in 2007. Prior to joining Cooper Standard, from 2006 to 2007, Ms. Wenzl was the principal/owner of Laramie Group. From 2004 to 2006, she served as senior vice president, Global Human Resources and Communications, for Tower Automotive. From 1990 to 2004, she held various positions of increasing responsibility at Freudenberg-NOK, most recently serving as vice president, Human Resources and Corporate Relations. Ms. Wenzl earned a Bachelor of Arts in Communications from Michigan State University and a Master of Arts in Communications from Eastern Michigan University. She also attended Boston University’s Public Communications Institute as part of her post-graduate work.



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Director Compensation
Summary of Compensation
Members of the Board of Directors who are not Cooper Standard employees receive an annual cash fee of $80,000 and, if they chair a committee, an additional fee of $10,000 per year. The lead director receives an additional fee of $20,000 per year, less any amount the Lead Director may receive in fees as chair of a committee. Non-employee directors are also eligible to receive equity grants under the 2011 Plan. In 2016, the value of the equity awards granted to non-employee directors was approximately equal in value to 125% of the annual base director fee.
The following table sets forth information regarding the compensation received by each non-employee director during the year ended December 31, 2016.
Name (a)
 
Fees Earned or
Paid in Cash
(b)
   
 
Stock Awards 
(c) 1
 
Option Awards
($) (d) 2
 
All Other
Compensation
($) (g)
 
Total
(h)
Glenn R. August
 

$90,000

3  
 

$106,785

 

 

 

$196,785

Sean O. Mahoney
 

$80,000

 
 

$106,785

 

 

 

$186,785

David J. Mastrocola
 

$98,750

4  
 

$106,785

 

 

 

$205,535

Justin E. Mirro
 

$80,000

 
 

$106,785

 

 

 

$186,785

Robert J. Remenar
 

$80,000

 
 

$106,785

 

 

 

$186,785

Sonya F. Sepahban
 

$49,451

5  
 

$106,785

 

 

 

$156,236

Thomas W. Sidlik
 

$90,000

6  
 

$106,785

 

 

 

$196,785

Stephen A. Van Oss
 

$90,000

7  
 

$106,785

 

 

 

$196,785

   
 

1  
The amount shown in column (c) represents the grant-date fair value of 1,256 time-vested RSUs granted to each of the non-employee directors who were directors on the grant date, May 19, 2016, under the Company’s 2011 Plan. These RSUs will vest, assuming continued service as a director, on the earlier of the first annual stockholder meeting after the grant date or May 19, 2017. Each RSU represents a contingent right to receive, at the Company’s option, either one share of common stock or the cash equivalent upon satisfaction of the vesting requirements. Under the Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc. Deferred Compensation Plan for Non-Employee Directors, the directors may make an irrevocable election to defer their RSU awards. For 2016, Messrs. August, Mahoney, Mastrocola, Sidlik, and Van Oss each deferred their 2016 RSU awards.
2  
As of December 31, 2016, the Company’s non-employee directors had option awards outstanding as follows: for each of Messrs. Mastrocola and Van Oss, options to purchase 9,731 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $25.52 per share.
3  
Represents Mr. August’s annual outside director fee plus $10,000 for his services as the chairman of the Compensation Committee. Mr. August’s director fee was paid to Oak Hill Advisors, LP.
4  
In addition to his annual outside director fee, Mr. Mastrocola received $18,750 for his services as the lead director. The lead director fee increased from $15,000 to $20,000 on May 19, 2016; therefore, $15,000 was prorated from January 1, 2016, to May 18, 2016, and $20,000 was prorated from May 19, 2016, through December 31, 2016.
5  
Ms. Sepahban became a director on May 19, 2016, thus her outside director fee was prorated from May 19, 2016, through December 31, 2016.
6  
Represents Mr. Sidlik’s annual outside director fee plus $10,000 for his service as the chairman of the Governance Committee.
7  
Represents Mr. Van Oss’s outside director fee plus $10,000 for his service as the chairman of the Audit Committee.
Stock Ownership Policy for Non-Employee Directors
To align the interests of our non-employee directors with the interests of our stockholders, the Board has a policy requiring that non-employee directors achieve a level of ownership of our common stock equal to five times their base annual director fee. Under this policy, non-employee directors are required to hold 75% of the net shares resulting from stock option exercises or vesting of other stock-based awards until they reach their applicable stock ownership level.

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Stock Ownership and Related Stockholder Matters
Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management
The following table and accompanying footnotes show information regarding the beneficial ownership of the issued and outstanding common stock of Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc. by (i) each person known by us to beneficially own more than 5% of the issued and outstanding common stock of Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc. as of the dates indicated in the footnotes and (ii) (A) each of our directors, (B) each named executive officer, and (C) all directors and executive officers as a group, each as of March 17, 2017. Unless otherwise indicated, the address of each beneficial owner is c/o Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc., 39550 Orchard Hill Place, Novi, Michigan 48375.
TABLE OF STOCK OWNERSHIP
 
 
 
Number of Shares of 
Common Stock Beneficially Owned 1
 
 
Percentage of Common 
Stock Beneficially Owned
Significant Owners
 
 
 
 
 
BlackRock, Inc.
 
1,954,412

2  
 
11.0
%
The Vanguard Group
 
1,838,780

3  
 
10.4
%
Silver Point Capital L.P.
 
1,810,013

4  
 
10.2
%
Named Executive Officers and Directors
 
 
 
 
 
Juan Fernando de Miguel Posada
 
17,418

5  
 
*

Jeffrey S. Edwards
 
174,396

6  
 
*

Matthew W. Hardt
 
6,200

7  
 
*

Song Min Lee
 
17,292

8  
 
*

Keith D. Stephenson
 
119,899

9  
 
*

Glenn R. August
 

10  
 
*

Sean O. Mahoney
 

    
 
*

David J. Mastrocola
 
17,846

11  
 
*

Justin E. Mirro
 
3,285

12  
 
*

Robert J. Remenar
 
2,106

13  
 
*

Sonya F. Sepahban
 

 
 
*

Thomas W. Sidlik
 
4,750

14  
 
*

Stephen A. Van Oss
 
17,846

15  
 
*

Directors and executive officers as a group (18 persons)
 
489,928

    
 
1.1
%
 
 
 
*
Less than 1%
1  
SEC rules require that the Company disclose beneficial ownership percentages calculated in the manner prescribed by Rule 13d-3 under the Exchange Act. Under Rule 13d-3, shares of common stock that may be acquired within 60 days are deemed to be beneficially owned. Percentage ownership of the common stock under Rule 13d-3 is based on the assumption that the person or entity whose ownership is being reported has converted all instruments held by such person or entity convertible into common stock within 60 days, but that no other holder of such convertible instruments has done so. Therefore, the percentage ownership set forth in this column assumes that the person or entity whose ownership is reported has exercised all options or warrants to purchase our common stock, but that no other person or entity has done so. Percentages are based upon 17,764,532 shares of common stock outstanding as of March 17, 2017.
2  
Based solely on the Schedule 13G/A filed with the SEC on January 12, 2017. BlackRock, Inc., reported being the beneficial holder 1,954,412 shares of common stock as of December 31, 2016. BlackRock, Inc. has the sole power to vote 1,914,209 shares of common stock and the sole power to dispose of 1,954,412 shares of common stock. The address for BlackRock, Inc., is 55 East 52nd Street, New York, New York 10055.

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3  
Based solely on a Schedule 13G/A filed with the SEC on January 10, 2017. By virtue of acting as an investment advisor, The Vanguard Group reported being the beneficial owner of 1,838,780 shares of common stock as of December 31, 2016. Out of the 1,838,780 shares reported, (i) The Vanguard Fiduciary Trust Company (“VFTC”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of The Vanguard Group, Inc., was the beneficial owner of 28,842 shares as a result of its serving as investment manager of collective trust accounts; and (ii) Vanguard Investments Australia, Ltd. (“VIA”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of The Vanguard Group, Inc., was the beneficial owner of 1,349 shares of the outstanding common stock of the Company as a result of its serving as investment manager of Australian investment offerings. As of December 31, 2016, The Vanguard Group had the sole power to vote 29,541 shares; the sole power to dispose of 1,809,288 shares; the shared power to vote 650 shares; and the shared power to dispose of 29,492 shares of common stock of Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc. The address for The Vanguard Group is 100 Vanguard Boulevard, Malvern, Pennsylvania 19355.
4  
Based solely on the Schedule 13G/A filed with the SEC on February 14, 2017, and the Form 4s filed with the SEC on February 14 and 22, 2017, and March 3, 8, 14, and 17, 2017; and a Form 5 filed on behalf of Edward A. Mulé on February 14, 2017. As of March 17, 2017: Silver Point Capital, L.P., had sole voting and dispositive power with respect to 1,710,013 shares of common stock; Edward A. Mulé had sole voting and dispositive power with respect to 100,000 shares of common stock and shared voting and dispositive power with respect to 1,810,015 shares of common stock; and Robert J. O’Shea had shared voting and dispositive power with respect to 1,710,013 shares of common stock. The address for Silver Point Capital, L.P. is Two Greenwich Plaza, 1st Floor, Greenwich, Connecticut 06830.
Silver Point Capital, L.P. (“Silver Point”) is the investment manager of Silver Point Capital Fund, L.P., (the "Fund") and Silver Point Capital Offshore Fund, Ltd., (“the “Offshore Fund”) and by virtue of such status may be deemed to be the beneficial owner of the securities held by the Fund and the Offshore Fund. Silver Point Capital Management, LLC, (“Management”) is the general partner of Silver Point and as a result may be deemed to be the beneficial owner of the securities held by the Fund and the Offshore Fund. Each of Messrs. Edward A. Mulé and Robert J. O’Shea is a member of Management and has voting and investment power with respect to the securities held by the Fund and the Offshore Fund and may be deemed to be a beneficial owner of the securities held by the Fund and the Offshore Fund. Edward A. Mulé has sole voting and investment power over the securities owned by Mulé Associates, LLC, ("Associates") and may be deemed the beneficial owner of the securities held by Associates.
5  
Includes 5,718 shares of common stock and 11,700 shares of common stock underlying stock options. Not included are 2,400 RSUs granted to Mr. de Miguel on March 20, 2014, under the 2011 Plan. Each RSU represents a contingent right to receive, at the issuer’s option, either one share of common stock or the cash equivalent upon satisfaction of the vesting requirements on March 20, 2017.
6  
Includes 52,206 shares of common stock and 122,190 shares of common stock underlying stock options. Not included are 6,600 RSUs granted to Mr. Edwards on March 20, 2014, under the 2011 Plan. Each RSU represents a contingent right to receive, at the issuer’s option, either one share of common stock or the cash equivalent upon satisfaction of the vesting requirements on March 20, 2017.
7  
Represents shares of common stock underlying stock options.
8  
Represents 13,697 shares of common stock and 3,600 shares of common stock underlying stock options. Not included are 3,600 RSUs granted to Mr. Lee on March 20, 2014, under the 2011 Plan. Each RSU represents a contingent right to receive, at the issuer’s option, either one share of common stock or the cash equivalent upon satisfaction of the vesting requirements on March 20, 2017.
9  
Includes 75,641 shares of common stock; 2,753 shares of common stock in respect of warrants; 37,133 shares of common stock underlying stock options; and 4,372 shares of common stock underlying warrant options. Not included are 3,700 RSUs granted to Mr. Stephenson on March 20, 2014, under the 2011 Plan. Each RSU represents a contingent right to receive, at the issuer’s option, either one share of common stock or the cash equivalent upon satisfaction of the vesting requirements on March 20, 2017.
10  
Information was provided by Mr. August in Supplement B to the Company's Questionnaire for Directors and Officers. Mr. August has overall management responsibility for Oak Hill Advisors, L.P., ("Oak Hill") and as of January 30, 2017, certain investment funds managed by Mr. August held 58,107 shares of the Company's common stock. Mr. August has a pecuniary interest in the investment funds that he manages. Mr. August disclaims beneficial ownership of the foregoing securities except to the extent of his pecuniary interest in such securities. The address for Oak Hill Advisors, L.P., is 1114 Avenue of the Americas, 27th Floor, New York, New York 10036.
11  
Includes 8,115 shares of common stock and 9,731 shares of common stock underlying stock options.

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12  
Represents shares of common stock.
13  
Represents shares of common stock.
14  
Represents shares of common stock.
15  
Includes 8,115 shares of common stock and 9,731 shares of common stock underlying stock options.
Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans
The following table provides information about our equity compensation plans as of December 31, 2016:

Plan Category
 
Number of securities to be
issued upon exercise of
outstanding options, warrants
and rights
 
Weighted average exercise
price of outstanding options,
warrants and rights
 
Number of securities
remaining available for future
issuance (excluding securities
reflected in column (a))
 
 
(a) 1
 
(b) 2
 
(c)
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders
 
1,230,554
 
$53.24
 
1,955,380
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders
 
0
 
0
 
0
Total
 
1,230,554
 
 
 
1,955,380
 
1 Included in column (a) are restricted stock unit awards and cash-denominated and stock-settled performance-based awards converted to shares by dividing the accounting value of the award by the grant date stock price.
2 The weighted-average exercise price presented in column (b) does not take into account the shares issuable upon vesting of outstanding restricted stock unit awards and cash-denominated and stock-settled performance-based awards, which have no exercise price.





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Compensation Discussion and Analysis
This Compensation Discussion and Analysis describes the key principles and material elements of the compensation programs applicable to our NEOs in 2016. The NEOs for 2016 are as follows:
Mr. Jeffrey Edwards
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
Mr. Matthew Hardt
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
Mr. Keith Stephenson
Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer
Mr. Fernando de Miguel
Senior Vice President and President, Europe and South America
Mr. Song Min Lee
Senior Vice President and President, Asia Pacific
Executive Summary
Cooper Standard reported record results in 2016. In particular, for the full year 2016, we earned net income of $139.0 million, an increase of 24.2% over 2015, on sales of $3.47 billion. Our adjusted EBITDA * (as defined in our Annual Incentive Award section) was $416.7 million compared to $365.3 million in 2015. Our operating cash flow (as defined in our Annual Incentive Award section) exceeded the superior achievement level. We exceeded the adjusted EBITDA and operating cash flow 2016 performance goals established for determining annual incentive bonuses. As more fully described below, this resulted in annual incentive payments to our NEOs of 153.8% of target. With respect to the Long-Term Incentive Plan awards for the performance period ending December 31, 2016, our return on invested capital over the three year period ending December 31, 2016 resulted in an earnout of 82.5% of target.
* For a reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA from net income, which is the most comparable financial measure in accordance with U.S. GAAP, please see Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Non-GAAP Financial Measures section on pages 33-34 in our annual report on Form 10-K for the period ending December 31, 2016.
Compensation Philosophy and Objectives
Our compensation programs are designed to:  
Link executive compensation to Company performance;
Help us attract and retain a highly qualified executive leadership team;
Align the interests of executives with those of our stockholders;
Focus our leadership team on increasing profitability, cash flow, and return on invested capital; and
Motivate our leadership team to execute our long-term growth strategy while delivering consistently strong financial results.
To help achieve these goals, we believe compensation for executive officers should include the following components:  
Base salary;
Annual performance-based incentives;
Long-term equity and performance-based incentives;
Regular and change of control termination benefits; and
Competitive health, welfare, and retirement benefits.
The Compensation Committee regularly reviews these components and evaluates each in connection with furthering our compensation philosophy and objectives. To assist with determining appropriate target compensation levels and components, the Compensation Committee reviews market data and best practices, including benchmarking our target compensation to that provided to similarly-situated executives at our peer group companies as discussed below. The Compensation Committee generally targets compensation for our NEOs at approximately the 50 th percentile among the peer group companies, recognizing that actual compensation levels will fluctuate above or below median levels depending on our performance. In addition, target compensation for specific executives can be above or below the market median based on the individual’s importance to the organization, the difficulty and cost of replacement, the expected future contribution to the organization, tenure at current position, and skill set relative to the external marketplace.
We are committed to sound and effective pay practices. As such, we have adopted the following:  
Independent compensation consultant for the Compensation Committee;
Annual benchmarking using general industry surveys and a peer group proxy analysis;
Majority of target total compensation is performance-based;

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Balanced mix of performance measures aligned with long-term strategy;
Clawback policy;
Anti-hedging and anti-pledging policy; and
Stock ownership guidelines.
Processes Relating to Executive Compensation
The Compensation Committee assists the Board in discharging its responsibilities relating to the compensation of our NEOs and overseeing our compensation plans, policies, and benefit programs. Our human resources team supports the Compensation Committee in its work. In evaluating and determining target compensation levels for our NEOs, the Compensation Committee relies on data received from the independent compensation consultant and the chief human resources officer, as well as recommendations from the CEO. The Compensation Committee, following discussions with the CEO, meets privately and determines the salary and target incentive compensation of the CEO and the other NEOs. Executives whose compensation is under consideration are not present during the Compensation Committee’s review meetings, and neither the CEO nor management has any input into the compensation decisions for the CEO. The considerations, criteria and procedures applicable to these determinations are discussed more fully under “Executive Compensation Components.”
Executive Compensation Review for 2016
As discussed above, the Compensation Committee has engaged FW Cook as its independent compensation consultant. FW Cook has served as the Compensation Committee’s independent consultant since 2013. As part of its engagement, FW Cook benchmarked the target compensation levels of our NEOs in order to assess the competitiveness of our executive compensation programs in the markets in which we compete for talent, focusing in particular on base salaries, target annual incentive opportunities and long-term incentive opportunities. FW Cook compared our programs in these areas to a peer group comprised of 16 publicly-traded automotive suppliers with 2015 annual revenues between $0.7 billion and $8.2 billion and with median revenues of $3.1 billion. FW Cook supplemented its analysis of peer group proxy data with general industry survey data, which was adjusted to reflect the revenue responsibility of each executive. The peer group was reviewed by the Compensation Committee, and no changes were made for 2016.
The 2016 peer group companies are:
 
 
 
 
 
•   Accuride Corp.
 
•   Martinrea International Inc.
 
•   Tenneco Inc.
•   American Axle & Mfg. Holdings, Inc.
 
•   Meritor, Inc.
 
•   Tower International, Inc.
•   Dana Holding Corporation
 
•   Modine Manufacturing Co.
 
•   Visteon Corp.
•   Drew Industries, Inc.
 
•   Remy International, Inc.
 
•   WABCO Holdings Inc.
•   Federal-Mogul Holdings Corporation
 
•   Stoneridge, Inc.
 
 
•   Harman International Industries, Inc.
 
•   Superior Industries International, Inc.
 
 
Based on its fall 2015 analysis (which was used to inform target Total Direct Compensation (“TDC”) changes for 2016), FW Cook concluded that base salaries for our NEOs were generally within or above the median and within the competitive range. The competitiveness of target bonus opportunities varies by executive. All executives had target cash compensation at or above the median with the exception of the CEO and CFO, who were positioned at 85% and 73% of the survey median, respectively. Relative to survey data, executive target TDC levels are 85% of the median, in the aggregate.
Apart from the work it performed for the Compensation Committee, FW Cook provided no other services to the Company. Accordingly, the Compensation Committee determined that the engagement of FW Cook in 2016 was appropriate and raised no conflict of interest.
Say-on-Pay Vote
Our last stockholder advisory vote on the compensation of our NEOs was held in May 2014. Our stockholders overwhelmingly approved the compensation of the NEOs as disclosed in the 2014 Proxy Statement, with approximately 99% of stockholder votes cast in favor of the say-on-pay advisory proposal. The Compensation Committee has determined that our executive compensation philosophy, compensation objectives, and compensation elements continue to be appropriate and did not make any material changes to our executive compensation program in response to the 2014 say-on-pay vote. This year we are holding a vote on both say-on-pay and say-when-on-pay. We continue to believe that our executive compensation program is tied to performance and aligns with stockholder interests. However, we believe that, going forward, conducting an advisory, non-binding vote on executive compensation on an annual basis is most appropriate.

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Executive Compensation Components
The following describes the components of our 2016 executive compensation program as approved by the Compensation Committee.
Base Salary
Our NEOs are paid a base salary that is determined prior to or early in each fiscal year or upon changes in roles or positions within the Company. The Compensation Committee determines the CEO’s base salary and, taking into account recommendations from the CEO, the salaries of the other NEOs. Generally, our practice is to pay base salaries that are competitive in the markets in which we compete for talent and commensurate with the responsibilities and contributions of each executive. Based upon the Compensation Committee’s evaluation of data supplied by FW Cook, NEOs received salary increases averaging 5.6%, as follows:
 
 
2015 Base Salary
 
2016 Base Salary
 
Increase
Mr. Edwards
 
$850,000
 
$900,000
 
5.9%
Mr. Hardt
 
$400,000
 
$425,000
 
6.3%
Mr. Stephenson
 
$628,000
 
$659,000
 
4.9%
Mr. de Miguel
 
€449,000
 
€487,000
 
8.5%
Mr. Lee
 
$530,000
 
$546,000
 
3.0%

Annual Incentive Award
Prior to or early in each fiscal year, the Compensation Committee determines target annual incentive opportunities payable to the NEOs upon the achievement of performance targets approved by the Compensation Committee for the year. Target annual incentives for 2016 were split into two distinct components such that 60% of the incentive was based on the achievement of an adjusted EBITDA (as defined below) performance goal and the remaining 40% was based on the achievement of an operating cash flow (as defined below) performance goal.
Adjusted EBITDA and operating cash flow are deemed by the Compensation Committee to be appropriate objective measurements of the financial performance of the Company because they are indicators of our strategy to achieve sustained profitable growth and align executive compensation with the interests of our stockholders over the long term.
The annual incentive award program (the “AIP”) is designed to focus our executive leadership team on the achievement of strong financial performance over a one-year period. The Compensation Committee establishes a “threshold” or minimum performance goal, the achievement of which entitles NEOs to an annual incentive payment equal to 50% of target for each performance metric. No annual incentive award is payable on either metric if the Company fails to meet the corresponding threshold performance goal. The Compensation Committee also sets a “superior performance” level, the achievement of which entitles NEOs to a maximum annual incentive payment equal to 200% of the target amounts (on each metric). The superior performance level represents a goal deemed difficult to achieve at the beginning of the year based on the assumptions underlying our business plan. Actual annual incentive payments are determined using linear interpolation for performance attainment between “threshold” and “target” and between “target” and “superior.” In the first quarter following the end of the fiscal year to which an annual incentive award applies, the Compensation Committee determines whether, and to what extent, the applicable performance targets were achieved based on our financial results for the fiscal year. With respect to NEOs, the calculated payout may be subject to downward adjustment of up to 100% at the discretion of the Compensation Committee.
For 2016, the Compensation Committee established target awards under the AIP for each NEO based on a percentage of base salary as follows: 110% for Mr. Edwards, 75% for Mr. Stephenson, 70% for Mr. Hardt, and 65% for Messrs. de Miguel and Lee. The target award amounts did not change from 2015 except for Mr. Hardt, whose target award increased from 65% of base salary. The Compensation Committee set Adjusted EBITDA and operating cash flow performance targets applicable to the Company as a whole in accordance with our 2016 business plan as approved by the Board of Directors, as follows:

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2016 Achievement Level
 
Adjusted EBITDA 1  60% (000)
 
Award Payout as % of Award Target
Below Threshold
 
Below $340,000
 
0%
Threshold (85% of target performance)
 
$340,000
 
50%
Target
 
$400,000
 
100%
Superior (115% of target performance)
 
$460,000
 
200%
 
1  
Adjusted EBITDA is not a measure recognized under U.S. GAAP and is defined as net income adjusted to reflect income tax expense, interest expense net of interest income, depreciation and amortization, and certain items that management does not consider to be reflective of the Company's core operating performance.
2016 Achievement Level
 
  Operating Cash Flow 2  40% (000)
 
Award Payout as %
of Award Target
Below Threshold
 
Below $93,600
 
0%
Threshold (80% of target performance)
 
$93,600
 
50%
Target
 
$117,000
 
100%
Superior (120% of target performance)
 
$140,400
 
200%
 
2  
Operating cash flow is not a measure recognized under U.S. GAAP and is defined as adjusted EBITDA minus cash taxes, capital expenditures (accrual methodology) and a five point quarterly average change to working capital.
In 2016, for purposes of the AIP, our adjusted EBITDA was $416.7 million and operating cash flow was $190.0 million, resulting in unweighted payouts of 127.8% and 200% of target for each metric This performance achievement resulted in a payout of 156.7% of target on a weighted basis, which was adjusted per management discretion to 153.8%. This performance resulted in cash AIP award payments to our NEOs as follows:
 
 
2016 Year-
End Base
Salary
 
Target Bonus
 
Achievement Factor
as a Percent of Target
Award
 
2016 Amount Earned
under AIP
Mr. Edwards
 
$900,000
 
110%
 
153.8%
 
$1,522,620
Mr. Hardt
 
$425,000
 
70%
 
153.8%
 
$457,555
Mr. Stephenson
 
$659,000
 
75%
 
153.8%
 
$760,157
Mr. de Miguel
 
€487,000
 
65%
 
153.8%
 
€486,854
Mr. Lee
 
$546,000
 
65%
 
153.8%
 
$545,836
 
Long-Term Incentive Compensation
2016 Long-Term Incentive Program
The 2011 Plan authorizes the Compensation Committee to award stock options, stock appreciation rights, shares of common stock, restricted stock, RSUs, incentive awards, and certain other types of awards to our key employees and directors. Except in the case of newly hired or promoted executives, it has been the practice of the Compensation Committee to grant incentive awards under the 2011 Plan, including equity-based incentive awards, during the first quarter of the calendar year so that all or most elements of executive compensation can be considered in a coordinated, comprehensive manner.
For 2016, the Compensation Committee, following consultation with FW Cook, determined that equity-based awards to our NEOs should have a value generally aligned with the market median total long-term incentive awards granted to executives in comparable positions. The equity-based awards we granted in 2016 consisted of options to purchase shares of our common stock, time-vested RSUs, and performance-based RSUs (“Performance RSUs”). The percentage mix of the three Long-Term Incentive Program (“LTIP”) vehicles granted in 2016 (on a value basis) was approximately 50%, 30%, and 20% for Performance RSUs, stock options, and time-vested RSUs, respectively. The value of the 2016 equity-based awards along with the number of shares and options granted are as follows:

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Number of Shares
 
 
2016
LTIP Grant Value
 
Performance
RSUs
at Target
 
Stock
Options
 
Time Vested
RSUs
Mr. Edwards
 
$2,450,000
 
18,100
 
35,200
 
7,200
Mr. Hardt
 
$550,000
 
4,100
 
7,900
 
1,600
Mr. Stephenson
 
$1,121,000
 
8,300
 
16,100
 
3,300
Mr. de Miguel
 
$733,000
 
5,400
 
10,500
 
2,200
Mr. Lee
 
$675,000
 
5,000
 
9,700
 
2,000

2016 Performance-Based Restricted Stock Units
For 2016, we granted a target number of Performance RSUs to our NEOs under the 2011 Plan. The Performance RSUs cliff vest after three years if we achieve certain established performance goals and if the NEO remains in our employ until December 31, 2018. If the Company’s return on invested capital ("ROIC") for the 3-year performance period ending December 31, 2018, is 13.5%, the number of Performance RSUs will vest at the target level. If ROIC is 10.8% (80% of the target performance goal), then one half of the Performance RSUs will vest. If ROIC is 16.2% (120% of the target performance goal), then two times the number of Performance RSUs will vest. Achievement of the performance goal between threshold and target, and between target and superior will be linearly interpolated. Performance RSUs that vest will be settled 50% in cash and 50% in shares of our common stock.
Following its review of the benchmarking analysis by FW Cook, the Compensation Committee determined that the value of the Performance RSUs granted in 2016 should continue to constitute approximately 50% of the total value of each NEO’s long-term incentive opportunity. Because the value of Performance RSUs increases with the increase in the price of our common stock, we believe Performance RSUs align the interests of our NEOs with those of our stockholders. In addition, the use of a return-on-invested-capital performance goal introduces a capital efficiency metric to our incentive program and further emphasizes the importance of our long-term performance.
2016 Stock Option Awards
For 2016, we granted non-qualified stock options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price equal to the fair market value of a share of common stock on the date of grant. The options granted in 2016 vest ratably over a three-year period and expire on the tenth anniversary of the grant date or earlier upon certain terminations. Following its review of a benchmarking analysis by FW Cook, the Compensation Committee determined that the value of stock options granted in 2016 should continue to constitute approximately 30% of the total value of the annual long-term incentive awards granted. We believe that the use of stock options as a component of compensation is an effective way of aligning the interests of our executives with those of our stockholders, as the intrinsic value of stock options is dependent upon increases in the price of our common stock.
2016 Time-Vested Restricted Stock Unit Awards
For 2016, the Compensation Committee approved a grant of time-vested RSUs to our NEOs. The RSUs cliff vest after three years. Following its review of a benchmarking analysis by FW Cook, the Compensation Committee determined that the value of time-vested RSUs granted in 2016 should continue to constitute approximately 20% of the total value of the annual long-term incentive awards granted. We believe that the use of time-vested RSUs as a component of compensation helps retain executives and aligns the interests of our executives and stockholders, as the value of RSUs is directly linked to the price of our common stock.
Additional Performance-Based Awards Granted During 2016
In addition to the 2016 LTIP awards described above, the NEOs Messrs. Hardt, de Miguel and Lee received in July 2016 a grant of a cash-denominated and stock-settled performance-based awards to provide additional retentive value in light of the increasingly competitive talent market in the automotive industry. The award is denominated as a targeted dollar value that is payable in stock if the Company’s total shareholder return (change in stock price plus dividends) over the 3-year performance period from July 26, 2016, to July 26, 2019, is at or above the median of the companies in Cooper Standard’s 6-digit Global Industry Classification Standard (251010 - Automobiles and Components) with revenues and market capitalizations greater than $250 million. The earnout of the award is binary such that the targeted value of the award is earned or forfeited in its entirety based on achievement of the performance goal with no partial earnouts possible.
The targeted award value earned at the conclusion of the 3-year performance period, if any, will be settled in shares of the Company's stock at the end of the performance period, subject to continued service. As a result, the recipients do not also benefit from increases in the stock price during the performance period. The award will be forfeited for termination of

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employment for any reason during the 3-year award period, with the sole exception of “double-trigger” change-in-control vesting.
The table below shows the value to be paid at the conclusion of the 3-year award period if both performance and service conditions are satisfied (“Targeted Award Value”), the accounting value of the award at grant (“Grant Date Fair Value”), which reflects the reduced award value after accounting for probability of achievement of the performance goal and the accounting value when annualized over the 3-year award period (“Annualized Grant Date Fair Value of Award”). Neither Mr. Edwards nor Mr. Stephenson participated in this award.
 
 
Targeted
Award Value
 
Grant Date
Fair Value
 
Annualized
Grant Date Fair
Value of Award
Mr. Edwards
 
N/A
 
N/A
 
N/A
Mr. Hardt
 
$500,000
 
$263,000
 
$87,667
Mr. Stephenson
 
N/A
 
N/A
 
N/A
Mr. de Miguel
 
$1,500,000
 
$789,000
 
$263,000
Mr. Lee
 
$1,500,000
 
$789,000
 
$263,000

Awards under the 2014 Performance-Based Restricted Stock Units
In 2014, the Compensation Committee granted performance-based RSUs for each of the NEOs who were employed by us at the time for the 3-year period ending December 31, 2016. Mr. Hardt commenced his employment with the Company after 2014 and did not receive awards under the LTIP pertaining to this period.
The LTIP awards for the 3-year performance period ending December 31, 2016, were based on the achievement of a target ROIC of 10% for the three-year performance period ending December 31, 2016, subject to continued service. Pursuant to the terms of the awards, payouts were to be determined as follows:
Achievement Level
 
3-Year Average
Return on Invested Capital
 
Award Payout as % of Award Target      
Below Threshold
 
Below 8%
 
0%
Threshold (80% of target performance)
 
8%
 
50%
Target
 
10%
 
100%
Superior (120% of target performance)
 
12%
 
200%
The actual return on invested capital of the Company for the performance period was 9.3%, which resulted in an earnout of 82.5% of target under the LTIP awards for the performance period ending December 31, 2016. These awards were settled 50% in shares of our common stock and 50% in cash. The table below presents target performance-based RSUs granted, the earnout factor and the resulting stock and cash payments.

2014-2016 Performance-Based RSU Payout
 
 
Performance RSUs Granted
 
Earnout
(% of Target)
 
Total RSUs Earned
 
Share Settled (50%)
 
Cash Settled (50%)
Mr. Edwards
 
16,600
 
82.5%
 
13,696
 
6,848
 
$736,023
Mr. Stephenson
 
9,300
 
82.5%
 
7,674
 
3,837
 
$412,401
Mr. de Miguel
 
6,100
 
82.5%
 
5,034
 
2,517
 
$270,527
Mr. Lee
 
5,600
 
82.5%
 
4,620
 
2,310
 
$248,279

Retirement Plan Benefits
Our NEOs, other than Mr. de Miguel, participate in a tax-qualified 401(k) retirement savings plan (the "CSA Savings Plan") and our nonqualified retirement plan. Benefits under these plans provide executives with an income source during their retirement years and reward executives for long service to the Company. Mr. Stephenson is also covered under our Qualified Defined Benefit Plan, which was frozen January 31, 2009. Mr. de Miguel, who is employed primarily in Germany, receives a percentage of his annual base salary as a defined contribution retirement benefit. We believe that our retirement plans are generally competitive in the automotive industry and assist the Company in attracting and retaining a high caliber executive

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leadership team. Please see the 2016 Pension Benefits table, the 2016 Nonqualified Deferred Compensation table, and the accompanying narratives for further information regarding our retirement plans.
Termination and Change of Control Benefits
One of our NEOs, Mr. Stephenson, receives certain benefits under his employment agreement upon certain termination events, including following a change of control of the Company. Messrs. Edwards, Lee, and Hardt, who do not have employment agreements, are entitled to such benefits through our Executive Severance Pay Plan. These benefits, described in detail under “Terms Applicable to Payments upon Termination of Employment,” are intended to ensure that the executive leadership team is able to objectively evaluate potential change of control transactions without the distraction of the potential impact such transactions may have on their employment.
Health Benefits
We provide our NEOs, other than Mr. de Miguel, with health and welfare benefits that are available to all of our salaried employees. Our plan is a flexible plan which permits participants to choose among various co-pay options and available benefits, including medical, prescription drug, dental, long-term disability and life insurance, and other benefits depending on the needs of the participant and his or her dependents. These benefits help us remain competitive in attracting and retaining a high-caliber management team. Mr. de Miguel, who is employed primarily in Germany, is provided with health insurance comparable in value to that provided to the other NEOs under our plan.
Perquisites
Our executives are provided with a vehicle for business and personal use through a vehicle lease program or through a vehicle allowance. This program helps us to attract and retain a high-caliber management team in the very competitive automotive supplier industry. The value of this benefit is treated as ordinary income for tax purposes at the full extent of its value, and participants, including the NEOs, do not receive any full or partial tax “gross up” payments or similar compensation to cover this tax.
Relocation and Expatriate Benefits
Messrs. de Miguel and Lee commenced their employment with us in 2013 as presidents of our business units in the Europe and Asia Pacific regions, respectively. Mr. de Miguel is also the president of our South America business unit. In addition to the base salary and incentive compensation described above, Messrs. de Miguel and Lee receive certain relocation and expatriate benefits. Mr. de Miguel receives Company-leased housing at his assignment location and a monthly allowance for additional living expenses. Mr. Lee receives Company-leased housing at his assignment location and other amounts associated with his assignment, including a goods and services allowance. Mr. Lee’s expatriate benefits also include tax equalization payments and tax preparation services. We believe that these benefits are appropriate to attract highly qualified candidates for key international leadership positions in competitive markets for executive automotive talent.
Stock Ownership Policy
We require that certain of our officers achieve and maintain levels of ownership of our common stock. The levels are based on multiples of each officer’s base salary. Under our policy, officers are required to hold 50% of the net shares resulting from stock option exercises or vesting of other stock-based awards until they reach the applicable level. Only shares owned outright and time-vested RSUs count toward satisfaction of the guideline (time-vested RSUs are counted on an after-tax basis assuming a 35% tax rate for ease of administration). This policy is intended to align the interests of our key executives with the interests of our stockholders by maintaining a strong link between the Company’s long-term success and the ultimate compensation of key executives. The stock ownership levels are as follows:
Positions
 
Stock Ownership Level
  (Multiple of Base Salary)  
Chief Executive Officer
 
6X
Chief Operating Officer; Chief Financial Officer
 
3X
Regional President; General Counsel; Chief Human Resources Officer
 
2X
Chief Accounting Officer; Communications and Community Affairs Officer; Other Officers
 
1X
All NEOs are in compliance at the required multiple of base salary or are retaining their acquired amounts until they reach the required multiple.

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Policy Concerning Transactions Involving Company Securities
We have a policy applicable to all directors, officers, and employees that prohibits certain transactions involving our stock, including engaging in short-term speculative transactions, such as hedging transactions and buying or selling put or call options, holding the Company’s securities in a margin account, pledging the Company’s securities as collateral for a loan, or engaging in short sales of the Company’s securities.
Clawback Policy
Cooper Standard has a compensation recovery (“clawback”) policy. The policy authorizes the Board to recoup incentive compensation paid to executive officers, including our NEOs, in the event the Company experiences a material financial restatement. Recoverable compensation is any cash or equity-based compensation for which the grant, payment, or vesting was predicated upon the achievement of financial results that were derived from financial statements that are required to be restated, except where such restatement is required due to changes in accounting rules or standards or changes in applicable law.

Compensation Committee Report
The Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors of Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc. oversees our executive compensation program. In fulfilling its oversight responsibilities, the Compensation Committee reviewed and discussed with management the Compensation Discussion and Analysis set forth in this proxy statement.
In reliance on the review and discussions referred to above, the Compensation Committee recommended to the Board that the Compensation Discussion and Analysis be incorporated in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016, and included in this Proxy Statement.
Compensation Committee
Glenn R. August, Chair
Robert J. Remenar
Sonya F. Sepahban
Stephen A. Van Oss


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Executive Compensation
Set forth below is information regarding compensation for services to the Company in all capacities of the following NEOs during the year ended December 31, 2016: (i) our current chief executive officer; (ii) our current chief financial officer; and (iii) the 3 most highly compensated executive officers other than the chief executive officer and chief financial officer who were serving as executive officers at December 31, 2016.
2016 SUMMARY COMPENSATION TABLE
Name and Principal Position 1
 
Year
 
Salary 2
 
Bonus
 
Stock Awards 3
 
Option Awards 4
 
Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation 5
 
Change in Pension Value and Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Earnings 6
 
All Other Compensation
 
 
Total 7
(a)      
 
(b)
 
(c)    
 
(d)    
 
(e)        
 
(f)        
 
(g)            
 
(h)                 
 
(i)            
 
 
(j)            
Jeffrey S. Edwards,
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
 
2016
 
$899,231
 
$0
 
$1,733,050
 
$711,040
 
$1,522,620
 
$0
 
$518,480
8  
 
$5,384,421
2015
 
$849,712
 
$0
 
$1,553,052
 
$671,803
 
$3,310,870
 
$0
 
$165,530
 
 
$6,550,967
2014
 
$824,808
 
$0
 
$1,536,536
 
$667,986
 
$414,525
 
$0
 
$139,479
    
 
$3,583,334
Matthew W. Hardt,
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
 
2016
 
$424,660
 
$0
 
$653,450
 
$159,580
 
$457,555
 
$0
 
$89,387
9  
 
$1,784,632
 
2015
 
$361,539
 
$0
 
$371,382
 
$160,611
 
$364,520
 
$0
 
$201,998
 
 
$1,460,050
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keith D. Stephenson,
Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer
 
2016
 
$658,523
 
$0
 
$794,600
 
$325,220
 
$760,157
 
$1,251
 
$499,487
10  
 
$3,039,238
2015
 
$627,792
 
$0
 
$827,169
 
$359,216
 
$1,781,342
 
$45
 
$179,558
 
 
$3,775,122
2014
 
$609,846
 
$0
 
$860,990
 
$374,826
 
$218,926
 
$2,766
 
$167,052
    
 
$2,234,406
Song Min Lee,
Senior Vice President and
President, Asia Pacific
 
2016
 
$545,754
 
$0
 
$1,268,500
 
$195,940
 
$545,836
 
$0
 
$563,697
11  
 
$3,119,727
2015
 
$529,539
 
$0
 
$495,176
 
$215,875
 
$1,158,678
 
$0
 
$705,261
 
 
$3,104,529
2014
 
$514,885
 
$0
 
$516,594
 
$226,152
 
$231,883
 
$0
 
$652,020
    
 
$2,141,534
Fernando de Miguel,
Senior Vice President and
President, Europe and South America
 
2016
 
$512,448
 
$0
 
$1,309,600
 
$212,100
 
$512,294
 
$0
 
$225,373
12  
 
$2,771,815
2015
 
$487,907
 
$0
 
$540,192
 
$234,872
 
$1,153,527
 
$0
 
$226,350
 
 
$2,642,848
2014
 
$498,942
 
$0
 
$562,955
 
$244,998
 
$149,791
 
$0
 
$248,614
    
 
$1,705,300
 
 
 
 
1  
Compensation for Mr. de Miguel, a Germany-based employee, is delivered in Euro. In calculating the dollar equivalent for items that are not denominated in U.S. dollars, the Company converts compensation into dollars based on mid-market currency exchange rates in effect at year-end. For 2016, the currency conversion rate utilized equaled 1.0522549824.


2  
Amounts shown reflect the NEO's annual base salary earned during the fiscal year, taking into account any increases in base salary during the course of the year, and are not reduced to reflect the NEOs’ elections, if any, to defer receipt of salary into the CSA Savings Plan for salaried U.S. employees. Increases in base salary, if any, for NEOs for the fiscal year were determined effective as of the beginning of the year.

3  
The amounts shown in column (e) represent the aggregate grant-date fair value of time-vested RSUs, Performance RSUs, and a one-time cash denominated performance award that will be settled in stock for Messrs. Hardt, Lee, and de Miguel, which were granted under the 2011 Plan and are computed in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification 718, Stock Compensation (“ASC Topic 718”). In the case of Performance RSUs, the amounts shown are based on the probable outcome of performance conditions at the time of the grant, consistent with the estimate of aggregate compensation cost to be recognized over the service period determined as of the grant date under ASC Topic 718 as follows: Mr. Edwards, $1,239,850; Mr. Hardt, $280,850; Mr. Stephenson, $568,550; Mr. Lee, $342,500; and Mr. de Miguel, $369,900. Assuming the highest level of performance is achieved for the Performance RSUs, the maximum value of these awards at the grant date would be as follows: Mr. Edwards, $2,479,700; Mr. Hardt, $561,700; Mr. Stephenson, $1,137,100; Mr. Lee, $685,000; and Mr. de Miguel, $739,800. In the case of the one-time cash denominated

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performance award that will be settled in stock, the amounts shown are fixed at the time of grant due to the market-based vesting condition tied to the award, consistent with the aggregate compensation cost to be recognized over the service period determined as of the grant date under ASC Topic 718 as follows: Mr. Hardt, $263,000; Mr. Lee, $789,000; and Mr. de Miguel, $789,000. The amounts shown exclude the impact of estimated forfeitures related to service-based vesting conditions. Assumptions used in the calculation of these amounts are included in Note 18 to the Company’s audited financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016.

4  
The amounts shown in column (f) represent the aggregate grant-date fair value of stock option awards granted under the 2011 Plan and are computed in accordance with ASC Topic 718. Assumptions used in the calculation of these amounts are included in Note 18 to the Company’s audited financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016.

5  
The amounts shown in column (g) represent the bonus payments for 2016 under the Company’s annual incentive award program.

6  
The amount shown in column (h) represents for each NEO the sum of the aggregate annualized change in the actuarial present value of accumulated benefits under all defined benefit and actuarial pension plans (qualified and non-qualified, including supplemental plans) from the plan measurement date used for financial statement reporting purposes with respect to the prior completed fiscal year to the plan measurement date used for financial statement reporting purposes with respect to the covered fiscal year. In addition, there were no above-market or preferential earnings on compensation that was deferred on a basis that is not tax-qualified during the fiscal year for the NEOs.

7  
The percentages of total compensation in 2016 that were attributable to base salary and total bonus (the amounts identified in columns (c) and (g)) were as follows: for Mr. Edwards, base salary 16.7%, bonus 28.3%; for Mr. Hardt, base salary 23.8%, bonus 25.6%; for Mr. Stephenson, base salary 21.68%, bonus 25.02%; Mr. Lee, base salary 17.5%, bonus 17.5%; and for Mr. de Miguel, base salary 18.49%, bonus 18.48%.

8  
The amount shown in column (i) for Mr. Edwards represents Company contributions under the CSA Savings Plan ($21,200) and nonqualified Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan ($484,012); the cost of a Company-provided vehicle ($10,764); and life insurance premiums paid by the Company.

9  
The amount shown in column (i) for Mr. Hardt represents Company contributions under the CSA Savings Plan ($18,550); nonqualified Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan ($64,314); the cost of a Company-provided vehicle; and life insurance premiums paid by the Company.

10  
The amount shown in column (i) for Mr. Stephenson represents Company contributions under the CSA Savings Plan ($21,200) and nonqualified Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan ($466,773); the cost of a Company-provided vehicle; and life insurance premiums paid by the Company.

11  
The amount shown in column (i) for Mr. Lee represents Company contributions under the CSA Savings Plan ($21,200) and nonqualified Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan ($183,332); the value of Company-paid costs associated with Mr. Lee’s expatriate assignment (totaling $356,321); and life insurance premiums paid by the Company. The expatriate benefits include a goods and services allowance ($41,991); housing costs ($72,042); the cost of a Company-provided vehicle; and tax preparation services. The expatriate benefits also include payment of Korean income and social taxes ($109,618) and a U.S. tax equalization payment ($132,000). The expatriate benefits were valued on the basis of the aggregate incremental cost to the Company and represent the amount paid to the service provider or Mr. Lee, as applicable.

12  
The amount shown in column (i) for Mr. de Miguel represents Company contributions to a defined contribution pension scheme ($76,867); a monthly living allowance ($31,568); housing and relocation expenses associated with Mr. de Miguel living in Germany ($43,437); a tax gross-up associated with housing expenses and other benefits-in-kind ($42,559); the cost of a Company-provided vehicle ($16,796); and a monthly health insurance benefit allowance ($14,130). The benefits were valued on the basis of the aggregate incremental cost to the Company and represent the amount paid to the service provider or Mr. de Miguel, as applicable.


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2016 GRANTS OF PLAN-BASED AWARDS
The following table sets forth information regarding plan-based awards made to the NEOs during 2016.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Estimated Future Payouts Under 
Non-Equity Incentive Plan Awards
 
Estimated Future Payouts Under 
Equity Incentive Plan Awards (#/$) 1,2
 
All Other
Stock Awards: 
Number of Shares or Units of Stock
 
All Other Option Awards; Number of Securities Underlying Options
 
Exercise or 
Base Price of Option Awards ($/sh) 3
 
Grant-date fair value of Stock and Option Awards 4
Name
 
Award Type
 
Grant Date
 
Threshold 
 
Target 
 
Maximum 
 
Threshold
 
Target
 
Maximum
 
(a)    
 
 
 
(b)        
 
(c)    
 
(d)    
 
(e)    
 
(f)    
 
(g)    
 
(h)    
 
(i)    
 
(j)    
 
(k)    
 
(l)    
Jeffrey S. Edwards
 
Annual Bonus 5
 
1/1/2016
 
$198,000
 
$990,000
 
$1,980,000
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Options 6
 
2/18/2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
35,200
 
$68.50
 
$711,040
 
RSUs 7
 
2/18/2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7,200
 
 
 
$493,200
 
Performance RSUs 8
 
2/18/2016
 
 
 
 
9,050
 
18,100
 
36,200
 
 
 
 
$1,239,850
Matthew W. Hardt
 
Annual Bonus 5
 
1/1/2016
 
$59,500
 
$297,500
 
$595,000
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Options 6
 
2/18/2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7,900
 
$68.5
 
$159,580
 
RSUs 7
 
2/18/2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,600
 
 
 
$109,600
 
Performance RSUs 8
 
2/18/2016
 
 
 
 
2,050
 
4,100
 
8,200
 
 
 
 
$280,850
 
Performance Award 9
 
7/26/2016
 
 
 
 
$500,000
 
$500,000
 
$500,000
 
 
 
 
$263,000
Keith D. Stephenson
 
Annual Bonus 5
 
1/1/2016
 
$98,850
 
$494,250
 
$988,500
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Options 6
 
2/18/2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16,100
 
$68.50
 
$325,220
 
RSUs 7
 
2/18/2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3,300
 
 
 
$226,050
 
Performance RSUs 8
 
2/18/2016
 
 
 
 
4,150
 
8,300
 
16,600
 
 
 
 
$568,550
Song Min Lee    
 
Annual Bonus 5
 
1/1/2016
 
$70,980
 
$354,900
 
$709,800
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Options 6
 
2/18/2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9,700
 
$68.50
 
$195,940
 
RSUs 7
 
2/18/2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2,000
 
 
 
$137,000
 
Performance RSUs 8
 
2/18/2016
 
 
 
 
2,500
 
5,000
 
10,000
 
 
 
 
$342,500
 
Performance Award 9
 
7/26/2016
 
 
 
 
$1,500,000
 
$1,500,000
 
$1,500,000
 
 
 
 
$789,000
Fernando de Miguel
 
Annual
Bonus 5
 
1/1/2016
 
$66,618
 
$333,091
 
$666,182
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Options 6
 
2/18/2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10,500
 
$68.50
 
$212,100
 
RSUs 7
 
2/18/2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2,200
 
 
 
$150,700
 
Performance
RSUs 8
 
2/18/2016
 
 
 
 
2,700
 
5,400
 
10,800
 
 
 
 
$369,900
 
Performance Award 9
 
7/26/2016
 
 
 
 
$1,500,000
 
$1,500,000
 
$1,500,000
 
 
 
 
$789,000
 
 
 
1  
The number of shares represents the range of potential payouts under the Performance RSUs granted under the 2011 Plan in 2016. The number of Performance RSUs that are earned, if any, will be based on performance for fiscal years 2016 to 2018 and will be determined after the end of fiscal year 2018.
2  
The USD values represent the potential value of payout under the cash-denominated and stock-settled performance-based awards granted under the 2011 Plan in July 2016. If the relative total shareholder return performance metric is met and performance awards are earned at the end of the performance period on July 26, 2019, then the cash denominated award will be paid out in shares. The number of shares to pay out will be calculated by dividing the cash value of the award by the closing stock price on July 26, 2019.
3  
Represents the exercise price of options granted under the 2011 Plan.
4  
Represents the grant-date fair value of RSUs, Performance RSUs, and stock option awards and a one-time cash denominated performance award that will be settled in stock for Messrs. Hardt, Lee, and de Miguel granted under the 2011 Plan, computed in accordance with ASC Topic 718. Assumptions used in the calculation of these amounts are included in Note 18 to the Company’s audited financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016.

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5  
For 2016, the Compensation Committee approved target annual incentive awards under the AIP for executive officers and, as the basis for determining the entitlement of executives to actual payment of annual incentive awards, set Adjusted EBITDA and operating cash flow performance targets for the year in accordance with the Company’s 2016 business plan approved by the Company’s Board in December 2015. The determination of annual incentive award payments is described under “Annual Incentive Award” under the Executive Compensation Components section. The amounts set forth under “Estimated Future Payouts under Non-Equity Incentive Plan Awards” reflects the possible payouts of cash annual incentive awards under the AIP. Amounts reported in the “Threshold” column assume that there is no payout under the Adjusted EBITDA performance metric and that the NEO only earns the minimum payout for the operating cash flow performance metric (the metric with the lower weighting). The amounts set forth in footnote 5 under column (g) of the Summary Compensation Table refer to actual payments for 2016 annual incentive awards based on the achievement by the Company of Adjusted EBITDA and operating cash flow in 2016 as compared to the established targets.
6  
Represents options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock granted under the 2011 Plan. The options granted vest ratably such that one-third of the shares covered by the options vest on each of the first three anniversaries of the date of grant and expire on the earliest to occur of: (i) the tenth anniversary of the date of grant; (ii) the first anniversary (as defined in the 2011 Plan) of the date of the optionee’s termination of employment due to death or disability, or in connection with a change of control; (iii) the third anniversary of the date of the optionee’s termination of employment due to retirement after attaining age 65 or attaining age 60 with at least 5 years of service; or (iv) 90 days following the date of the optionee’s termination of employment by the Company or its affiliates for any reason not described in clauses (ii) or (iii) above.
7  
Represents time-vested RSUs granted under the 2011 Plan. These RSUs cliff vest on the third anniversary of the date of grant.
8  
Represents Performance RSUs granted under the 2011 Plan. These Performance RSUs vest if the executive continues employment with the Company until the end of the performance period ending on December 31, 2018, and are subject to the achievement of a ROIC performance goal during the performance period commencing on January 1, 2016, and ending on December 31, 2018. As soon as practical after the end of the performance period, a determination as to the extent the performance goal has been achieved will be made, and the Company will settle such vested Performance RSUs by (i) delivering an amount of cash equal to the fair market value of a number of shares of common stock of the Company equal to one-half of the number of Performance RSUs that have vested and (ii) issuing a number of shares of common stock of the Company equal to one-half the number of Performance RSUs that have vested. The determination of the amounts vesting is described under “Long-Term Incentive Compensation” under the Executive Compensation Components section of the Compensation Discussion and Analysis.
9  
Represents a cash denominated award during the vesting period that will be settled in stock on the vesting date if the relative total shareholder return performance metric is met and Messrs. Hardt, Lee, and de Miguel remain employed with the Company. The performance awards cliff vest on the third anniversary of the date of grant. The amount of Cooper Standard common stock paid out (if applicable) will be determined by dividing the targeted award value determined on the grant date by the closing stock price on July 26, 2019. If the minimum relative total shareholder return performance criteria is not met by July 26, 2019, then the entire award will forfeit.

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OUTSTANDING EQUITY AWARDS AT 2016 FISCAL YEAR END
The following table sets forth information concerning outstanding equity awards held by the NEOs at December 31, 2016.
 
 
 
Option Awards 1
 
Stock Awards
Name
 
Number of Securities Underlying Unexercised Options (#) Exercisable 2
 
Number of Securities Underlying Unearned Options
 
Number of Securities Underlying Unexercisable Options
 
Option Exercise Price
 
Option Expiration Date
 
Number of Shares or Units of Stock That Have Not Vested
 
Market Value of Shares or Units of Stock That Have Not Vested   
Equity Incentive Plan Awards; Number of Unearned Shares, Units or Other Rights That Have Not Vested
 
Equity Incentive Plan Awards; Market or Payout Value of Unearned Shares, Units or Other Rights That Have Not Vested ($)  3
(a)
 
(b)
 
(c)
 
(d)
 
(e)
 
(f)
 
(g)
 
(h)
(i)
 
(j)
  Jeffrey S.
  Edwards
 
25,000

 
 
 
25,000

4  
$45.00
 
10/15/2019
5  
6,600

6  
$682,308
16,600

7  
$1,716,108
 
25,000

 
 
 
25,000

4  
$52.50
 
10/15/2019
5  
7,900

8  
$816,702
39,400

9  
$4,073,172
 
40,290

 
 
 

 
$38.74
 
2/15/2023
10  
7,200

11  
$744,336
36,200

12  
$3,742,356
 
21,267

 
 
 
10,633

13  
$66.23
 
3/20/2024
14  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12,967

 
 
 
25,933

15  
$56.27
 
2/19/2025
14  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
35,200

16  
$68.50
 
2/18/2026
14  
 
 
 
 
 
 
Matthew W. Hardt
 
3,100

 
 
 
6,200

15  
$56.27
 
2/19/2025
14  
1,900

8  
$196,422
9,400

9  
$971,772
 

 
 
 
7,900

16  
$68.50
 
2/18/2026
14  
1,600

11  
$165,408
8,200

12  
$847,716
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4,837

17  
$500,000
Keith D. Stephenson
 
48,000

 
 
 

 
$25.52
 
5/27/2020
10  
2,841

18  
$293,703
9,300

7  
$961,434
 
7,459

 
4,482

19  

 
$25.52
 
5/27/2020
20  
3,700

6  
$382,506
21,000

9  
$2,170,980
 
13,000

 
 
 

 
$46.75
 
3/15/2021
10  
4,200

8  
$434,196
16,600

12  
$1,716,108
 
17,700

 
 
 

 
$45.00
 
3/9/2022
10  
3,300

11  
$341,154
 
 
 
 
21,900

 
 
 

 
$38.74
 
2/15/2023
10  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11,933

 
 
 
5,967

13  
$66.23
 
3/20/2024
14  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6,933

 
 
 
13,867

15  
$56.27
 
2/19/2025
14  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
16,100

16  
$68.50
 
2/28/2026
14  
 
 
 
 
 
 
Song Min Lee